资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (7): 1189-1200.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.07.01

• 研究综述 •    下一篇

生态系统服务分类综述与流域尺度重分类研究

刘洋1,2(), 毕军3, 吕建树4   

  1. 1.济南大学商学院,济南 250002
    2.山东龙山绿色经济研究中心,济南 250002
    3.南京大学环境学院,南京 210046
    4.山东师范大学地理与环境学院,济南 250014
  • 收稿日期:2018-03-19 修回日期:2018-05-28 出版日期:2019-07-25 发布日期:2019-07-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘洋,女,山东济南人,副教授,主要研究方向为生态系统服务与生态补偿。E-mail: liuyang0531py@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41701604);山东省自然科学基金项目(ZR2017BD003);济南大学博士基金项目(16010023)

Classification of ecosystem services and a reclassification framework of watershed ecosystem services

Yang LIU1,2(), Jun BI3, Jianshu LV4   

  1. 1. Business School, University of Jinan, Jinan 250002, China
    2. Shandong Longshan Green Economic Research Center, Jinan 250002, China
    3. School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210046, China
    4. School of Geography and Environment, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014, China
  • Received:2018-03-19 Revised:2018-05-28 Online:2019-07-25 Published:2019-07-25

摘要:

将生态系统服务理论应用于管理实践是当今研究的重要趋势,而构建符合人类管理需求的分类体系则是其基础。通过综述国内外生态系统服务的分类体系发现:目前研究多从生态系统的产出特征及与人类收益的对应关系进行分类,欠缺针对某一特定管理目标、有助于人类管理决策的分类体系。据此,在已有研究的基础上,考虑流域普遍面临的水环境问题及管理需求,构建一套适用于流域水环境管理的分类体系,并探讨与已有分类的异同。该分类体系将水环境健康作为总体管理目标,根据与该目标的关系确定直接服务、间接服务及生态收益3大类:直接服务是管理目标的具体表征,主要以物理量度量;间接服务有助于支撑管理目标的实现,应综合多学科方法量化;生态收益则体现管理目标的最终效果,可通过价值化方法表征。该分类体系有助于流域关键生态系统服务的识别及特征分析,为后续开展相应模拟、制图及评价等研究奠定基础。

关键词: 生态系统服务, 分类体系, 水环境管理, 水环境健康, 流域, 收益

Abstract:

Application of ecosystem service theory to management practice is an important trend of research. Such application depends on the classification system of ecosystem services that meets human management needs. This article reviewed international and Chinese classifications of ecosystem services, and found that current works focus on the characteristics of ecosystem output and its correspondence to human benefits, but lack a system specific to a certain management target and conducive to human management decision. Therefore, based on water environment problems and management demands, this study developed a new classification system of ecosystem services suitable to water environment management at watershed scale, and discussed the similarities and differences with several other classifications. This proposed classification system took water environment health as the management target. According to the relationships with this target, ecosystem services were divided into three categories: direct services, indirect services, and ecological benefits. Direct services were defined as the ecosystem processes and functions that directly reflect the management target, and were measured by physical quantity. Indirect services were the processes and functions that support the achievement of the management target, and were quantified using multidisciplinary methods. Ecological benefits indicate the final effect of the management target and were calculated by valuation methods. This classification system can help identify and analyze critical ecosystem services in watersheds, which lays a foundation for subsequent simulation, mapping, and evaluation of ecosystem services.

Key words: ecosystem services, classification system, water environment management, water environmental health, watershed, benefit