资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (6): 1120-1130.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.06.11

• 资源管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于Logistic-ISM模型的农户有机肥施用行为影响因素及层次结构分解

胡乃娟1,2,3(), 孙晓玲1, 许雅婷1, 周子阳1, 朱利群1,3()   

  1. 1. 南京农业大学人文与社会发展学院, 南京 210095
    2. 南京农业大学公共管理博士后流动站,南京 210095
    3. 南京农业大学区域农业研究院, 南京 210095
  • 收稿日期:2018-10-25 修回日期:2019-02-26 出版日期:2019-06-25 发布日期:2019-06-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:胡乃娟,女,河南固始人,博士,助理研究员,主要从事区域农业发展与农田生态研究。E-mail: hunaijuan@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    项目基金:中国博士后科学基金项目(2015M570463);江苏省农业科技自主创新资金项目(CX(18)3074)

Influencing factors of farmers’ organic fertilizer application behavior and their stratification based on Logistic-ISM model

Naijuan HU1,2,3(), Xiaoling SUN1, Yating XU1, Ziyang ZHOU1, Liqun ZHU1,3()   

  1. 1. College of Humanities and Social Development, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
    2. Public Administration Postdoctoral Research Station, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
    3. Institute of Regional Agricultural Research, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
  • Received:2018-10-25 Revised:2019-02-26 Online:2019-06-25 Published:2019-06-25

摘要:

有机肥施用对中国农业绿色、可持续发展具有重要作用,但目前在农业生产上,尤其是稻、麦等大田作物生产上施用率却较低。农户作为农业生产的主体,拥有肥料施用的决策权,明确稻麦轮作区农户有机肥施用行为及关键影响因素对促进有机肥在大田作物的施用有重要意义。本文基于江苏省稻麦轮作区4县(区)392户农户调查数据,采用Logistic模型与解释结构模型(ISM),分析了农户在稻麦轮作农田施用有机肥的影响因素及其层次结构。结果表明:农户的受教育程度、对有机肥的了解程度、对长期大量低效施用化肥造成环境污染的认识、购买肥料时考虑对土壤无害、饲养家禽及农业部门针对农业施肥技术进行指导等因素对农户有机肥施用行为有正向影响,购买肥料时考虑价格和省工对农户有机肥施用行为有负向影响。在此基础上,对8个因素进行深层分析,形成了“一路径,三驱动”的层次结构,并提出了相应的有机肥推广政策建议。

关键词: 稻麦轮作, 农户行为, 有机肥施用, 影响因素, Logistic-ISM, 江苏省

Abstract:

Organic fertilizer application is beneficial for agricultural green development. However, the rate of application in agricultural production is still very low, especially for rice and wheat production. As rice and wheat are the main crops of agricultural production, it is significance to study farmers’ behavior of organic fertilizer application and the key influencing factors for promoting the application of organic fertilizer in rice and wheat croplands. This study was conducted based on a questionnaire survey of 392 farmers from rice-wheat rotation cropland of Jiangsu Province. We analyzed the influencing factors and their relationships by using a Logistic model and interpretive structural modeling (ISM). The results show that there were eight main influencing factors. Higher educational level, understanding of organic fertilizer, understanding of environmental pollution caused by excessive chemical fertilizer application, consideration of damage to soil when purchasing fertilizer, raising poultry, and guidance of agricultural technology department of the government had positive effects on farmers' organic fertilizer application while higher sensitivity to price of fertilizer and labor saving had a negative effect on organic fertilizer application. By an in-depth analysis, the influencing factors formed a “one path, three driving factors” structure. Based on these results, several suggestions were put forward to promote the application of organic fertilizer.

Key words: rice-wheat rotation cropland, farmers’ behavior, application of organic fertilizer, influencing factors, Logistic-interpretive structural modeling, Jiangsu Province