资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (6): 1111-1119.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.06.10

• 资源管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于结构方程的居民生活垃圾分类行为研究

孟小燕()   

  1. 中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院,北京 100190
  • 收稿日期:2018-08-15 修回日期:2018-11-15 出版日期:2019-06-25 发布日期:2019-06-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:孟小燕,女,博士,主要从事资源环境经济与政策、循环经济、生态文明理论与实践相关研究工作。E-mail: mengxiaoyan@casisd.cn

  • 基金资助:
    中国博士后科学基金面上资助项目(2018M631585);中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院重大突破项目(Y8X0771601)

Analysis on residents’ behavior of domestic solid waste source separation based on structural equation

Xiaoyan MENG()   

  1. Institutes of Science and Development, CAS, Beijing 100190, China
  • Received:2018-08-15 Revised:2018-11-15 Online:2019-06-25 Published:2019-06-25

摘要:

居民是城市生活垃圾分类回收系统中的关键主体之一,其分类回收参与率的高低直接关系到整个城市垃圾分类工作的成败。为分析居民垃圾分类行为决策机制,本文以苏州市为案例,对其中心城区居民开展实地问卷调查,并运用结构方程统计分析方法,探讨影响居民生活垃圾分类行为的主要因素和作用路径。研究结果表明:居民生活垃圾分类行为主要由4个主观因素和7个外部情境因素共同作用的结果,且外部条件因素的综合影响是个体主观因素的近2倍,其中,“环境设施和服务”潜变量相关因素对居民行为的综合影响最大,公共宣传教育、回收设施便利性、分类设施便利性、参与意愿和环保意识为对居民垃圾生活处理行为影响最显著的前5个因素。为进一步加快推进中国城市生活垃圾分类工作,建议加强城市生活垃圾分类回收配套设施规划建设,广泛开展垃圾分类回收宣传教育,完善相关法律法规并建立有效的激励约束机制。

关键词: 居民环境行为, 生活垃圾分类, 资源回收, 结构方程分析, 影响因素, 苏州市

Abstract:

The resident is one of the key subjects in the municipal solid waste separation and recovery system. Residents’ participation in source separation of domestic solid waste is one of the most important factors affecting the success or failure of the urban solid waste seperation work. In this study, in order to analyze the mechanisms of residents’ waste seperation and recovery behaviors, Suzhou City was chosen as a case, a field questionnaire survey of the residents in its central area was conducted, and the key factors affecting residents’ waste sorting and recovery behaviors and their paths were explored using the statistical analysis method of structural equation modeling (SEM). The research results show that the domestic solid waste source separation behaviors of the surveyed residents are closely related to four subjective factors and seven objective factors, and the latter’s comprehensive effect is almost twice that of the former. Among all the factors, the latent variable “environmental facilities and services” has the greatest combined impact, while “public education”, “convenience of recycling facilities”, “convenience of separation facilities”, “willingness to participate”, and “environmental awareness” are the top five factors that affect residents’ domestic solid waste separation behaviors. In order to further accelerate the source separation of domestic solid waste in China, it is recommended to strengthen the planning and construction of municipal solid waste separation and recycling facilities, extensively carry out publicity and education on domestic solid waste separation and recycling, improve relevant laws and regulations, and establish an effective incentive and restraint mechanism.

Key words: Residents’ environmental behavior, domestic solid waste seperation, resource recovery, structural equation model analysis, influencing factors, Suzhou City