资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (6): 1102-1110.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.06.09

• 土地资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

耕地质量与土地流转行为关系研究

张亚丽(), 白云丽, 辛良杰()   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2018-04-19 修回日期:2019-02-25 出版日期:2019-06-25 发布日期:2019-06-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:张亚丽,女,新疆伊犁人,助理研究员,研究方向为农业政策评估。E-mail: zhangyali@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    中科院重点部署项目(ZDBS-SSW-DQC);国家自然科学基金项目(41571095)

Relationships between cultivated land quality and land transfer behaviors at the plot scale

Yali ZHANG(), Yunli BAI, Liangjie XIN()   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2018-04-19 Revised:2019-02-25 Online:2019-06-25 Published:2019-06-25

摘要:

土地流转程度低制约着农业的规模化、现代化。本文利用2017年对黑龙江、吉林两省12个行政村调研收集的312份农户问卷与1527个地块信息,采用OLS和Probit模型探讨了地块尺度上耕地质量与土地流转行为的关系。结果表明:①耕地质量与地块转入及转出均有显著的相关作用。面积大、坡度平缓、灌溉条件好的地块转入的概率更高,而面积小和通勤距离远的地块转出概率较低。②非农收入越高,农户转出土地的概率越大。③户主年龄越大,农户参与土地流转的概率越高;户主受教育程度低的农户转入土地的概率较大;家庭农业固定资产数量越大,农户越不愿意转出土地;家庭承包的耕地面积越大,农户转入土地的概率越小。因此,建议吸引新型农业经营组织转入土地,推动土地流转市场发育与质量改善;同时,提高土地流转程度较高地区的农业机械化水平,提升农业生产效率。

关键词: 耕地质量, 地块尺度, 土地流转, 规模化经营, 黑龙江省, 吉林省

Abstract:

Low land transfer restricts the scale and modernization of agriculture. Based on a sample of 312 households and 1527 plots of 12 typical administrative villages in Heilongjiang and Jilin provinces in 2017, this study used the ordinary least squares (OLS) and Probit models to explore the impact of cultivated land quality on land transfer behaviors at the scale of plots. The results indicate that: (1) Cultivated land quality has a significant impact on whether a plot is rent out or rent in. Plots with large area, flat slopes, and well-irrigated condition have a higher probability of being rent in, while plots that are small in size and far away from homes have a relatively lower probability of being rent out. (2) Non-agricultural income has a positive effect on rent out behavior of farmer. (3) The older the head of the household, the higher the probability that the farmer will participate in the land transfer. The farmers with lower education have a higher probability of renting in plots. The greater the number of agricultural fixed assets, the more reluctant the farmers are to rent out plots. There is less possibility of renting in plots for the family who has the larger contracted farmland. Some policy implications can be drawn from the results. The direction of related policy is to attract new agricultural management organizations to rent in farmland, and thus to promote land transfer market and to improve land quality. Simultaneously, improving the level of agricultural mechanization and agricultural production efficiency with higher land transfer levels need to be further valued.

Key words: cultivated land quality, plot scale, land transfer, large-scale operation, Heilongjiang Province, Jilin Province