资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (6): 1048-1058.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.06.04

• 土地资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国乡村振兴要素识别与发展类型诊断——基于99个美丽乡村示范村的信息挖掘分析

谢臻1(), 张凤荣1(), 陈松林2, 韦素琼2, 敖佳1, 高阳1, 伦飞1   

  1. 1. 中国农业大学土地科学与技术学院,北京 100193
    2. 福建师范大学地理科学学院,福州 350007
  • 收稿日期:2018-11-12 修回日期:2018-12-25 出版日期:2019-06-25 发布日期:2019-06-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:谢臻,男,福建连江人,博士生,主要从事土地利用和农业农村发展研究。E-mail: xiezhen@cau.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41271111);天津市科技发展战略研究计划项目(17ZLZXZF00170)

Development types of rural revitalization based on the identification of development elements in China

Zhen XIE1(), Fengrong ZHANG1(), Songlin CHEN2, Suqiong WEI2, Jia AO1, Yang GAO1, Fei LUN1   

  1. 1. College of Land Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
    2. College of Geographical Sciences, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China
  • Received:2018-11-12 Revised:2018-12-25 Online:2019-06-25 Published:2019-06-25

摘要:

分类推进、精准施策、规划先行是实施乡村振兴战略的科学思路,对乡村发展类型的科学诊断可有效服务于战略的分类实施。以中国99个美丽乡村示范村为代表构建乡村发展“成功案例”数据库,从中深度挖掘乡村发展内外性“要素-组合”信息,结合投影寻踪分类法构建乡村振兴诊断体系,以求对乡村进行科学分类。结果表明:①生计资源、工业基础、区位交通、文化/生态环境及市场需求等资源要素是乡村发展的重要禀赋基础,其中市场需求要素决定着乡村发展的外部性,生计资源要素在乡村发展内部性要素中最为关键;②要素组合的结构直接影响乡村振兴的潜能,“成功案例”识别出10类乡村振兴要素组合,其中生计资源优越-工业基础薄弱-区位交通优势-文化/生态环境优越的组合最具备振兴潜能;③基于“要素-组合”禀赋建立包含评价体系和分类体系的乡村振兴诊断体系,将乡村发展类型划分为优先振兴型、预备振兴型、保留维持型和衰落搬迁型。中国乡村振兴工作应尊重客观规律,分门别类有序推进,避免“就村兴村”和“村村谈振兴”的狭隘发展思路。

关键词: 乡村振兴, 发展要素, 投影寻踪分类, 诊断体系, 美丽乡村示范村, 中国

Abstract:

Differentiated promotion, targeted measures, and scientific planning are the scientific procedure for implementing the strategy of rural revitalization. Using the cases of 99 model villages of the beautiful countryside program in China, this study built a database of “successful cases” for rural development, and then endogenous and exogenous element-combination information of rural development was extracted. Furthermore, a rural revitalization diagnosis system was constructed to classify the rural areas by the projection pursuit classification method. The results show that: (1) Livelihood resources, industrial base, location and transportation, cultural/ecological environment, and market demand are important basic elements for successful rural development, among which market demand is the exogenous element and the others are endogenous elements for rural development, but the most important element of all is livelihood resources. (2) The potential of rural revitalization is affected by the structure of element combination directly, and 10 types of combinations were identified from the successful cases. The combination of excellent livelihood resources, location and transportation advantages, healthy cultural/ecological environment, and lack of industrial infrastructure is of the highest potential for rural development. (3) Based on the endowment of element-combination, the rural revitalization diagnosis system includes an evaluation system and a classification system, and the rural areas were divided into priority revitalization, preparatory revitalization, preservation, and resettlement types. Rural revitalization in China must take into consideration actual local conditions and implement the program in an orderly and differentiated manner, avoiding the mistakes of focusing only on individual villages or revitalizing every village.

Key words: rural revitalization, development element, projection pursuit classification, diagnosis system, model villages of the beautiful countryside, China