资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (5): 955-966.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.05.12

• 旅游资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于匹配倍差法的乡村旅游扶贫农户增收效应

余利红()   

  1. 中南民族大学经济学院,武汉 430074
  • 收稿日期:2018-10-12 修回日期:2019-02-01 出版日期:2019-05-25 发布日期:2019-05-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:余利红,女,湖南华容人,博士,主要从事资源经济学及反贫困等问题研究。E-mail: yulihong0521@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学项目(14YJC790159)

Effects of rural pro-poor tourism on farming households’ income: A study based on the PSM-DID method

Lihong YU()   

  1. School of Economics, South-Central Minzu University, Wuhan 430074, China
  • Received:2018-10-12 Revised:2019-02-01 Online:2019-05-25 Published:2019-05-25

摘要:

乡村旅游扶贫是中国脱贫攻坚战略的重要手段之一,其农户增收效应备受关注。本文利用湖北省恩施市龙凤镇青堡村和白杨坪乡麂子渡村农户的问卷调查数据,采用匹配倍差法研究了实验组和参照组2类农户在乡村旅游扶贫政策实施前后的家庭总收入、农业收入、工资性收入、经营性收入及其他收入的变化,以科学评估乡村旅游扶贫的增收效应。结果表明,乡村旅游扶贫对农户的家庭总收入、工资性收入及经营性收入的增加有显著作用。用倍差法估计乡村旅游扶贫对家庭总收入的效应时,其结果“虚高”13.1%,即716元;而用倾向得分匹配法则高出6.6%,即359元。使用匹配倍差法计算后得出:乡村旅游扶贫使得样本区实验组农户平均家庭总收入提高了5467元,其中,户均农业收入仅提高172元,不显著;而工资性收入和经营性收入分别显著提高了2132元和3128元;增收仍有较大潜力。本文据此提出:政府应采取各种措施引导当地依托特色资源,加强全域旅游建设,以获得稳定增长的各类旅游收入;扶持当地农户全员参与乡村旅游,确保相对贫困农户也有机会、有能力分享旅游业发展带来的各种增收机会;结合旅游扶贫后备箱工程实施,引导农民成立合作组织,将当地富硒有机农副产品深度加工成特色旅游产品等,以提高乡村旅游扶贫的增收实效。

关键词: 乡村旅游扶贫, 农户, 增收效应, 匹配倍差法, 湖北省恩施市

Abstract:

Rural pro-poor tourism is one of the important means of poverty alleviation in China, and its effects on farming households’ income is of great concern. Based on the questionnaire survey data from Qingbao Village of Longfeng Town and Jizhidu Village of Yangping Town in Enshi City, this study compared the changes of family income, agricultural income, wage income, operating income, and other incomes of farming households between the experimental group and the controlled group before and after the implementation of the rural pro-poor tourism policy, by adopting the propensity score matching and difference-in-differences (PSM-DID) method for analysis. The results show that rural pro-poor tourism has significant effects on family income, wage income, and operating income. By using the DID method to estimate the effect of rural pro-poor tourism on family income, the result is “artificially higher” by 13.1% (716 yuan), while the estimation from the PSM method is 6.6% (361 yuan) higher. In order to overcome the biases of the DID and PSM models, PSM-DID was used, and it produced more accurate results. The result indicates that the rural pro-poor tourism policy has increased average farming households’ income of the experimental group in the sample area by 5467 yuan. Of this, agricultural income only insignificantly increased by 172 yuan, while wage income and operating income increased significantly by 2132 yuan and 3128 yuan respectively, but there are still significant growth potentials. Based on these results, some corresponding policy recommendations are put forward to improve the efficiency of rural pro-poor tourism in increasing farming households’ income: the government should take various measures to guide the local communities to rely on the overall tourism development based on local resources in order to obtain sustained growth of all kinds of tourism income; support the participation of all farmers in rural tourism and ensure that relatively poor farmers also have the ability to benefit from income-generating opportunities brought about by tourism development; guide farmers to set up cooperative organizations and further process local Se-rich organic agricultural products into characteristic tourism products in the light of implementing the “tourism poverty alleviation reserve box” project, and so on.

Key words: rural pro-poor tourism, farming household, effects on income, propensity score matching and difference-in-differences (PSM-DID) method, Enshi City of Hubei Province