资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (5): 931-942.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.05.10

• 旅游资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

“一带一路”国家入境游客规模演化规律与中国出境游客的对应特征

温晓金1(), 蒋依依1, 刘焱序2()   

  1. 1. 中国旅游研究院国际旅游研究所,北京 100005
    2. 北京师范大学地理科学学部 地表过程与资源生态国家重点实验室,北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2018-10-18 修回日期:2018-11-27 出版日期:2019-05-25 发布日期:2019-05-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:温晓金,女,山东莱芜人,博士,主要从事出入境旅游等研究。E-mail: wenxiaojin2008@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41801059);国家“万人计划”青年拔尖人才支持计划项目;国家社科基金重点项目(17AJY22)

Inbound tourism from destination countries in the “Belt and Road” region and corresponding outbound tourism from China during 2001 to 2015

Xiaojin WEN1(), Yiyi JIANG1, Yanxu LIU2()   

  1. 1. Institute of International Tourism Research, China Tourism Academy, Beijing 100005, China
    2. State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2018-10-18 Revised:2018-11-27 Online:2019-05-25 Published:2019-05-25

摘要:

“一带一路”倡议为中国旅游产业国际化布局迎来新契机。依托多种地理空间分析手段,对比“一带一路”区域国家的中国出境与目的地入境游客规模空间演化规律,可以为拓宽出境旅游发展的外部空间提供指引。本文通过变异系数、平均增长率、空间热点、重心轨迹、标准差椭圆等多种地理学空间分析方法,识别2001—2015年中国游客出境与目的地游客入境规模的空间演化规律异同。结果表明:①泰国是中外游客共同青睐的重要目的地,柬埔寨和越南接待中国出境游客规模快速增长,而中亚内陆国家入境旅游产业发展相对滞后;②泰国、马来西亚等东南亚国家是中国出境旅游和全球旅游目的地的共同热点地区,而除亚洲周边热带、亚热带岛国外,距离较远国家是中国出境旅游冷点区域;③中国出境游客规模的空间分布由南—北向逐渐向西北—东南向发展,目的地入境游客规模的空间分布长期保持着西北—东南方向,中国出境游客规模的空间变化幅度远大于目的地入境游客规模。本研究结果可对中国与其他国家的旅游合作交流提供定量化数据支持,在继续保持东南亚旅游市场规模优势的同时,中国出境旅游业的发展可在“一带一路”倡议的框架下,向东欧和中东等较为成熟的旅游市场拓展。

关键词: 出境游客, 入境游客, 热点分析, 重心轨迹, “一带一路”

Abstract:

The “Belt and Road” initiative ushered in a new opportunity for the development of China’s tourism industry internationally. A comparison of the spatial pattern of change between outbound tourism from China and inbound tourism from the destination countries in the “Belt and Road” countries can provide some guidance on the overall arrangement to broaden the space for the development of China’s outbound tourism market. In this study, using multiple spatial analysis methods such as coefficient of variation, average annual growth rate, spatial hot spot, trajectory of gravity center change, and standard deviation ellipse, the spatial pattern and change of outbound tourism from China and inbound tourism from the corresponding destination countries from 2001 to 2015 were identified. Three main results were obtained. (1) Cambodia and Vietnam received rapidly growing Chinese outbound tourists, while Thailand is an important destination favored by both Chinese and foreign tourists. (2) China’s outbound tourism is still dominated by tropical and subtropical island countries around Asia; distant tourism markets in other countries have always been cold spots; the Southeast Asian tourism market is a joint hot spot for both China’s outbound tourism and global tourism destinations, such as Thailand and Malaysia. (3) Spatial distribution of Chinese outbound tourists gradually developed from south-north to northwest-southeast; the spatial distribution of inbound tourists from corresponding destination countries remained in northwest-southeast direction, and the spatial variation of Chinese outbound tourists was much larger than that of inbound tourists from destinations. While maintaining the scale advantage of the Southeast Asia tourism market, China’s outbound tourism can pay attention to other mature tourism markets such as Eastern Europe and the Middle East in the context of the “Belt and Road” initiative.

Key words: outbound tourism, inbound tourism, hot spot analysis, trajectory of gravity center, “Belt and Road”