资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (4): 814-823.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.04.17

• 水资源 • 上一篇    

北京市星级旅游饭店水资源利用变化及影响因素

刘华先1,2, 陈远生1, 朱鹤1, 吕文菲1,2, 罗文哲1,2, 姚慰炜1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101;
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京100049
  • 收稿日期:2018-08-15 发布日期:2019-04-25
  • 通讯作者: 国家重点研发计划项目(Y6F60800AQ)
  • 作者简介:刘华先,男,山东济南人,博士生,研究方向为水资源需求管理。E-mail:liuhx.16b@igsnrr.ac.cn

Changes and causes of water use of star hotels in Beijing

LIU Huaxian1,2, CHEN Yuansheng1, ZHU He1, LV Wenfei1,2, LUO Wenzhe1,2, YAO Weiwei1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2018-08-15 Published:2019-04-25

摘要: 星级旅游饭店是北京市的主要用水行业之一,自实施取水定额管理以来,其水资源利用情况发生了巨大变化。通过对北京市349家饭店进行问卷调查及部分典型调查,在分析饭店业态变化的基础上,对饭店2005—2015年期间的用水量及用水结构变化进行了研究,并探讨了其变化原因。结果发现:①饭店用水总量得到有效控制,用水效率大幅提升;②饭店结构发生较大变化,餐厅在饭店中的重要程度增加,其用水量也大幅增长;③贯彻落实取水定额管理、推广使用节水型生活用水器具、进行精细化用水管理、充分利用非常规水源是促进北京市饭店行业用水水平提升的有效措施;④2008年颁布的饭店取水定额标准的分类方法和核算单元仍然合理,可以在修订的新版本取水定额标准中继续沿用。

关键词: 星级旅游饭店, 取水定额, 用水变化, 北京市

Abstract: Star tourist hotels are a main water consumption industry in Beijing, and their pattern of water consumption has changed after the enforcement of water quota norm. Through a questionnaire survey of 349 hotels in Beijing, water consumption and structure changes from 2005 to 2015 of hotels in Beijing were analyzed in this study, and the causes of change were explored. The results show that: (1) The total water consumption of hotel has been controlled, and water-use efficiency has greatly improved; (2) Water consumption of hotels changed significantly, and restaurants became an important contributor of water use; (3) Water quota norm, water-saving devices, micromanagement, and unconventional water sources promoted the improvement of water use efficiency of hotels; (4) The classification method and accounting unit of water quota norm (2008 version) could continue to be used.

Key words: star tourist hotel, water quota, water consumption change, Beijing