资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (4): 740-752.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.04.11

• 土地资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

耕地经营规模对农户亲环境行为的影响

曹慧1,2, 赵凯1,2   

  1. 1. 西北农林科技大学 经济管理学院,杨凌 712100;
    2. 西北农林科技大学 应用经济学研究中心,杨凌 712100
  • 收稿日期:2018-05-02 修回日期:2018-11-01 发布日期:2019-04-25
  • 通讯作者: 国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFC0503703-03); 国家社会科学基金西部项目(15XJY010)
  • 作者简介:曹慧,女,山西临汾人,博士生,主要研究方向为农业经济理论与政策。E-mail: caohuiery@163.com

Farmland scale and farmers’ pro-environmental behavior:Verification of the inverted U hypothesis

CAO Hui1,2, ZHAO Kai1,2   

  1. 1. College of Economics and Management, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China;;
    2. Applied Economics Research Center, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China;
  • Received:2018-05-02 Revised:2018-11-01 Published:2019-04-25

摘要: 本文根据农户亲环境行为实施的动态优化模型理论分析了耕地经营规模对农户亲环境行为实施的可能影响,并利用山东省549户农户1417块地块的样本数据,运用Oprobit模型和Probit模型,从家庭层面和地块层面分别实证检验了耕地经营总规模和地块经营规模对农户亲环境行为实施的影响及其差异,以期为制定治理农业面源污染、提升农业可持续发展能力等相关政策提供科学依据。研究结果表明:农户耕地经营总规模和地块经营规模与农户总体亲环境行为实施之间均存在稳健的倒“U”型关系;但上述关系因地块属性不同而呈现差异,自家地的地块经营规模与农户总体亲环境行为实施呈倒“U”型关系;而转入地的地块经营规模与农户总体亲环境行为实施呈“U”型关系。最后,提出政府应积极推进农地流转,促使农户耕地连片规模经营中应注意其适度性,以及加强规范农地流转程序和管理等建议。

关键词: 耕地经营总规模, 地块规模, 农户亲环境行为, 粮食生产, 倒U型假说, 山东省

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to analyze the possible impact of farmland scale on farmers’ pro-environmental behavior based on the dynamic optimization model, to empirically test the impact of total farmland scale and plot size on farmers’ pro-environmental behavior using the data of 549 households and 1417 plots in Shandong Province, and to explore measures for the treatment of agricultural non-point source pollution and the improvement of agricultural sustainable development capacity. The Oprobit model and the Probit model were employed in this study. The results show that total farmland scale has a steady inverted “U” relationship with farmers’ overall pro-environmental behavior. Plot size also has a steady inverted “U” relationship with farmers’ overall pro-environmental behavior. For the contracted plots, the relationship between plot size and farmers’ overall pro-environmental behavior is an inverted “U” type, but a “U” type is observed for the rented-in plots. In conclusion, we should pay close attention to the speed and scale of cultivated land consolidation, and standardize the procedures and management of farmland transfer.

Key words: total farmland scale, plot size, farmers'pro-environmental behavior, grain production, inverted U hypothesis, Shandong Province