资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (3): 484-493.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.03.07

• 专栏: 旅游可持续发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国国际保护地资源代表性与国家公园建设

田野(), 李江风(), 汤晓吉   

  1. 中国地质大学(武汉)公共管理学院,武汉 430074
  • 收稿日期:2018-09-18 修回日期:2018-11-30 出版日期:2019-03-20 发布日期:2019-03-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:田野,男,湖北恩施人,博士生,主要从事国家公园与国际保护地相关研究。E-mail: 395179483@qq.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金青年科学基金项目(41501183)

Resource representativeness of international protected areas and implications for national park development in China

Ye TIAN(), Jiangfeng LI(), Xiaoji TANG   

  1. School of Public Administration, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China
  • Received:2018-09-18 Revised:2018-11-30 Online:2019-03-20 Published:2019-03-20

摘要:

国际保护地是在国际上具有独特价值或突出意义的区域,其保护的资源在国际上具有代表性,而中国国家公园建设的主要目的是保护具有国家代表性的自然生态系统,两者在保护对象上存在一定的相似性,研究国际保护地的代表性资源,可为国家公园的建设提供资源层面的参考。本文以中国的联合国教科文组织世界生物圈保护区、世界地质公园、世界遗产地为研究对象,从建设目的和保护对象方面剖析其资源属性,并对122处国际保护地的建设现状、代表性资源进行梳理,分析资源代表性应具备的特征。研究结果表明:国际保护地的资源代表性体现在生态系统的典型性、特有物种的唯一性、地质资源的科学价值、景观的美学价值、文化遗产的象征性5个方面,在资源管理上通过定期评估考核的方式保障资源的公益性利用。国际保护地的代表性资源可为国家公园的建设和选取提供参考,具有国家代表性的文化资源可作为国家公园建设的特色内容,在资源管理上应注重培养和提高公众的国家公园公益性意识。

关键词: 国际保护地, 资源代表性, 国家公园, 文化遗产特色, 世界生物圈保护区, 世界地质公园, 世界遗产地

Abstract:

The international protected areas are areas of unique international value or significance, and the resources they protect should be representative. The main purpose of China's national park construction is to protect the national representative natural ecosystem. There are certain similarities in the protection objects between them. Studying the representative resources of international protected areas can provide reference for the construction of national park. This paper takes China's UNESCO World Biosphere Reserves, Global Geoparks, and World Heritage Sites as the research object of international protected areas. We further analyze the construction status, representativeness of its natural ecology, geological features, cultural heritage, and the way of resource protection and management in China and identify the characteristics of resource representation in international protected areas. The results show that the representativeness of resources in international protected areas is reflected in the typicality of ecosystems, the uniqueness of species, the scientific value of geological resources, the aesthetic value of landscapes, and the symbolic nature of cultural heritages. In resource management, the public welfare use of resources is guaranteed through regular assessment. The representative resources of international protected areas can provide reference for the construction and selection of national parks. China's cultural heritages are profound and cultural resources with national representation can be used as a special feature of national park. In resource management, we should focus on cultivating and improving public awareness of public welfare in national parks.

Key words: international protected area, resource representativeness, national park, cultural heritage characteristics, World Biosphere Reserves, Global Geoparks, World Heritage Sites