资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (3): 430-440.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.03.02

• 专栏: 旅游可持续发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

海滨旅游度假区游客环境和气候满意度对环境恢复性感知的影响

陈钢华1,2(), 奚望1, 黄松山3, 胡宪洋4()   

  1. 1. 中山大学旅游学院,珠海 519082
    2. 中山大学旅游发展与规划研究中心,广州 510275
    3. 埃迪斯科文大学商务与法律学院,君达乐 6027,澳大利亚
    4. 陕西师范大学地理科学与旅游学院,西安 710119
  • 收稿日期:2018-10-08 修回日期:2019-01-10 出版日期:2019-03-20 发布日期:2019-03-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:陈钢华,男,湖南新化人,博士,副教授,主要从事目的地管理、度假区管理等方面的研究。E-mail: chengangh@mail.sysu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金青年科学基金项目(41501154); 文化和旅游部“旅游业青年专家培养计划”项目(TYETP201542)

Influences of coastal resort vacationers’ environmental and climate satisfactions on their perceived destination restorative qualities

Ganghua CHEN1,2(), Wang XI1, Songshan HUANG3, Xianyang HU4()   

  1. 1. School of Tourism Management, Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai 519082, China
    2. Center for Tourism Planning and Research, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    3. School of Business and Law, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, WA 6027, Australia
    4. School of Geography and Tourism, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710119, China;
  • Received:2018-10-08 Revised:2019-01-10 Online:2019-03-20 Published:2019-03-20

摘要:

本文旨在揭示海滨旅游度假区游客环境满意度和气候满意度对其目的地环境恢复性感知的影响,为探究环境和气候如何影响游客身心健康和恢复提供新的方向,并丰富学界对旅游情境下的环境恢复性感知的理解。本文以海滨旅游度假区为研究对象,在海南省三亚市的大东海和亚龙湾收集游客对环境恢复性的感知状况和对气候条件、环境条件的满意度评价(N=527),并采用基于主成分的结构方程模型偏最小平方法(PLS_SEM)进行假设检验。研究发现:①环境满意度正向影响游客环境恢复性感知的5个维度(分别为:兼容、程度、心理逃离、物理远离和迷恋);②气候满意度正向影响游客环境恢复性感知的5个维度。因此,努力提高海滨旅游度假区游客对海滨环境和气候条件的满意度,能让他们更多地体验海滨旅游度假区的身心恢复潜力,并最终有助于形成独特的竞争优势。

关键词: 环境恢复性感知, 海滨旅游度假区, 环境满意度, 气候满意度, 三亚

Abstract:

This study aimed at uncovering the influences of coastal resort vacationers’ environmental and climate satisfactions on their perceived destination restorative qualities (PDRQs), to provide a new perspective in understanding how the environment and the climate impact tourists’ mental and physical health and restoration, as well as a better understanding of PDRQs. The data were collected via a questionnaire survey in two typical coastal resorts in Sanya City, Hainan Province Dadonghai and Yalong Bay (N=527). Applying the principal component-based structural equation modeling technique of partial least squares (PLS_SEM), the results show that both vacationers’ climate satisfaction and environmental satisfaction significantly and positively influenced their PDRQs (compatibility, extent, mentally away, physically away, and fascination). Implications for the sustainable development of resort destinations are provided. Specifically, for companies and managers in coastal resort destinations, improving vacationers’ satisfaction with the environment and the climate through publicizing information on the environmental and climate conditions and protecting the natural environment would facilitate vacationers in experiencing more of the restorative qualities, and thus having a deeper mental and physical restoration. Finally, the increase of perceived destination restorative qualities would help a resort destination to strengthen its competitive edges in the tourism market.

Key words: perceived destination restorative qualities, coastal resort, environmental satisfaction, climate satisfaction, Sanya City