资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (2): 352-361.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.02.13

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社会资本视角下科特派企业精准扶贫分析

张静1,2,3(), 朱玉春1()   

  1. 1. 西北农林科技大学经济管理学院,杨凌 712100
    2. 西北农林科技大学六次产业研究院,杨凌 712100
    3. 西安外事学院商学院,西安 710077
  • 收稿日期:2018-06-07 修回日期:2018-11-26 出版日期:2019-02-25 发布日期:2019-02-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介: 张静,男,河北石家庄人,副教授,主要从事农业区域发展等方面的研究。E-mail: zhangjingok@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71773092);教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目(17YJA790102);陕西省软科学研究计划项目(2017KRM148)

An empirical analysis of the targeted poverty alleviation of scientific and technical correspondent enterprises from the perspective of social capital

Jing ZHANG1,2,3(), Yuchun ZHU1()   

  1. 1. School of Economics and Management, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
    2. Six Industrial Research Institute, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
    3. Business School of Xi’an International University, Xi’an 710077, China
  • Received:2018-06-07 Revised:2018-11-26 Online:2019-02-25 Published:2019-02-25

摘要:

科技扶贫已成为精准扶贫的重要力量之一,科技特派员企业作为科技扶贫的重要组成部分,为贫困地区脱贫致富发挥了巨大作用。本文基于科技特派员企业社会资本的视角,选取秦巴山区连片贫困区208家科技特派员农村科技创业企业作为观察样本,利用因子分析法分别从结构型、关系型和认知型3个维度测度了科特派企业的社会资本,并运用似不相关回归模型实证分析了企业社会资本对科特派企业精准扶贫的影响。研究表明,科特派企业结构型、关系型和认知型社会资本对帮扶带动扶贫、产业增收扶贫和投资收益扶贫均有着显著正向影响,科特派企业的社会资本在科特派精准扶贫中发挥着重要的作用。因此,科特派企业应根据自身的区域优势和资源优势,从多维度集聚企业社会资本,建立科特派企业联盟,运用科技创新驱动农业产业融合,构建由政府、高校、合作社和金融组织等多主体参与的多元协同科特派精准扶贫机制,带动区域精准脱贫。

关键词: 企业社会资本, 科技特派员, 科技扶贫, 精准扶贫, 似不相关回归, 秦巴山区, 连片贫困区

Abstract:

Poverty alleviation by science and technology has become one of the important forces for targeted poverty alleviation. Science and technology correspondent enterprise as an important part of science and technology poverty alleviation has played a huge role in poverty alleviation for the poverty-stricken area. Based on the perspective of social capital of science and technology correspondent enterprise, this study uses the samples of 208 rural scientific and technological correspondent enterprises in the contiguous poverty-stricken area of Qinba mountain area to measure the social capital of scientific and technological correspondent enterprise by using factor analysis from the three dimensions of structure, relationship, and cognition. It also uses the seemingly unrelated regression (SUR) model to empirically analyze the impact of corporate social capital on the targeted poverty alleviation of scientific and technological correspondent enterprise. The research shows that the corporate structural, relational, and cognitive social capitals have significantly positive impacts on poverty alleviation by helping and promoting, industrial income increase and investment income. The social capital of scientific and technological correspondent enterprise plays an important role in the targeted poverty alleviation. Therefore, scientific and technological correspondent enterprise should gather corporate social capital from multiple dimensions according to its own regional advantages and resource advantages to establish corporation alliance of scientific and technological correspondent. It should use technological innovation to drive the agricultural industry convergence, build the targeted poverty alleviation mechanism of scientific and technological correspondent enterprise with the participation of government, universities, cooperatives, financial organizations, and other multi-subjects to lead regional targeted poverty alleviation.

Key words: corporate social capital, scientific and technological correspondent, support poor areas using technology, targeted poverty alleviation, seemingly unrelated regression, Qinba mountain area, contiguous poor areas