资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (2): 338-351.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.02.12

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农村生活垃圾分类处理模式与建议

贾亚娟1,2(), 赵敏娟1(), 夏显力1, 姚柳杨3   

  1. 1. 西北农林科技大学经济管理学院,杨凌 712100
    2. 西安财经大学管理学院,西安 710100
    3. 陕西师范大学国际商学院,西安 710119
  • 收稿日期:2018-07-25 修回日期:2018-10-17 出版日期:2019-02-25 发布日期:2019-02-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介: 贾亚娟,博士生,讲师,研究方向为资源环境经济、农村区域发展。E-mail: jia-ya-juan@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(15ZDA052);陕西省社会科学基金项目(2018S15);陕西省教育厅专项科研计划项目(16JK1297);陕西省社科联项目(2018Z003)

Mode of classified treatment of rural domestic wastes and suggestions

Yajuan JIA1,2(), Minjuan ZHAO1(), Xianli XIA1, Liuyang YAO3   

  1. 1. College of Economics and Management, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
    2. School of Management, Xi’an University of Finance and Economics, Xi’an 710100, China
    3. International Business School of Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710119, China
  • Received:2018-07-25 Revised:2018-10-17 Online:2019-02-25 Published:2019-02-25

摘要:

农村生活垃圾分类处理是落实乡村振兴战略的重要实践,是提升人居环境质量和实现人民对美好生活向往的重要内容。本文基于陕西农村生活垃圾分类处理及资源化利用试点地区的调查,从供给主体视角出发,运用案例分析方法,比较4个试点村的基本情况、分类处理实践模式及供给主体,进一步综合评价各试点村的生活垃圾末端分类程度、资源化利用率、年单位成本资源化利用量、减量化及无害化处理效果。分析发现:资金投入是解决农村生活垃圾问题的关键之一,对于大多数的普通农村来说,并不能简单复制,而是要借鉴试点村的实践模式,扬长避短,因地制宜地选择有效的垃圾分类处理模式。因此,要全面实现农村生活垃圾分类处理,不仅要鼓励政府、市场、第三部门、农村社区及农户多主体参与合作供给,多渠道、多方式筹集资金,而且要加强宣传与奖惩力度,健全法治、德治、自治相结合的农村生活垃圾治理体系。

关键词: 农村, 生活垃圾, 分类处理, 资源化利用, 实践模式, 发展建议, 供给主体

Abstract:

Classified treatment of rural domestic wastes is an important practice of the implementation of the rural revitalization strategy, and an important part of improving the quality of human settlement environment and realizing people’s longing for a better life. Based on the survey of pilot areas of rural domestic wastes classified treatment and resource utilization in Shaanxi and from the perspective of supply main body, this paper compares the basic situation, the practice mode of classified treatment, and the main body of supply of the four pilot villages using the case analysis method and further comprehensively evaluates the degree of end classification of domestic wastes, resource utilization rate, annual unit cost resource utilization, reduction and harmless treatment effect of each pilot village. The analysis shows that capital investment is one of the keys to solving the problem of rural domestic wastes. For most ordinary rural areas, the treatment mode cannot be simply copied. Instead, an effective waste classified treatment mode will be selected according to local conditions with reference made to the practice mode of the pilot villages. Therefore, in order to fully realize the classified treatment of rural domestic wastes, it is necessary not only to encourage the government, the market, the third sector, rural communities and farmers to participate in cooperative supply so as to raise funds through multiple channels and in multiple ways, but also to strengthen publicity, reward and punishment, and improve the rural domestic waste treatment system combining the rule of law, the rule of virtue, and self-governance.

Key words: rural, domestic wastes, classified treatment, resource utilization, practice mode, development suggestions, main body of supply