资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (2): 326-337.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.02.11

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燃煤电厂环境污染第三方治理研究

黄华(), 丁慧平()   

  1. 北京交通大学经济管理学院,北京 100044
  • 收稿日期:2018-07-27 修回日期:2018-11-27 出版日期:2019-02-25 发布日期:2019-02-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介: 黄华,男,山西大同人,博士生,主要研究方向为资源环境经济与政策。E-mail: 14113173@bjtu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71372012);北京交通大学基本科研业务费人文社会科学专项基金项目(2017JBWZ001)

Environmental pollution control by a third party in coal-fired power plants

Hua HUANG(), HuiPing DING()   

  1. School of Economics and Management, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
  • Received:2018-07-27 Revised:2018-11-27 Online:2019-02-25 Published:2019-02-25

摘要:

作为中国环境治理思路由“谁污染谁治理”向“谁污染谁付费”转变的具体实施路径,环境污染第三方治理在雾霾防治等方面得到推广。针对政府如何制定切实可行政策鼓励燃煤电厂实现达标排放、燃煤电厂如何选择清洁发展路径方面存在的问题,以煤电行业烟气治理为研究对象,从绿色供应链的视角,分别构建在4种规制约束-政策激励下燃煤电厂采用自身投资运维、第三方治理2种模式的数学模型,并求解分析。结果显示:规制、激励政策同时实施能帮助燃煤电厂升级为绿色电厂;因提供较少补贴就能帮助燃煤电厂,政府更倾向根据第三方治理模式制定补贴政策;第三方治理模式还能在让燃煤电厂获得更多收益的同时,使传统环保企业转型为能够提供第三方治理的生产性服务企业而获得稳定收益,有助于“谁污染谁付费”思路在实践中的推广。最后,本文提出政府要加强环境约束政策执行、监督力度,给予精准激励政策,并出台鼓励提升环境绩效政策的建议。

关键词: 绿色供应链, 第三方治理, 环境污染, 规制约束, 政策激励, 环保补贴, 燃煤电厂

Abstract:

In China, coal-fired power plants still play a major role in the power sector, which is considered as a major emission source of air pollution, such as haze. Meanwhile, the concrete implementation path of the transformation of China’s environmental governance thinking from "who pollutes, who governs" to "who pollutes, who pays" is under way. Although the third party governance of environmental pollution has been popularized in air pollution prevention and control, there are also problems in existence. This study aims to take the flue gas control of coal-fired power industry as the research object. From the perspective of green supply chain, the mathematical models of coal-fired power plants using two modes of self-investment operation and third-party management under four kinds of regulatory constraints and policy incentives, including no subsidy, only electricity sales price subsidy, only extra sales volume ration of electricity are constructed, solved, and analyzed, respectively. Through the calculation and evaluation, the results show that: the simultaneous implementation of regulation and incentive policies can help coal-fired power plants upgrade to green power plants. Since less subsidies can help coal-fired power plants, the government is more inclined to formulate subsidy policies based on the third-party governance model. This model can also make more profits for coal-fired power plants and make the traditional environmental protection enterprises transform into productive service enterprises and obtain stable profits, which is helpful to popularize the idea of "who pollutes, who pays" in practice. As a green service provider, by devoting itself through innovating environmental technology to reduce pollutant emissions, the environmental protection enterprises can also assist the coal-fired power plants to gain additional sales volume of electricity and to maximize the supply chain’s profit as well. Therefore, it puts forward suggestions on strengthening the implementation and supervision of environmental restraint policies, giving precise incentive policies, and promulgating policies to encourage the improvement of environmental performance.

Key words: green supply chain, third party control, environmental pollution, government regulation, incentive policy, environmental subsidy, coal-fired power plants