资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (2): 289-300.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.02.08

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产业结构演进对海洋渔业经济波动的影响

王波1(), 倪国江2, 韩立民2,3   

  1. 1. 自然资源部第四海洋研究所,北海 536000
    2. 中国海洋大学海洋发展研究院,青岛 266100
    3. 中国海洋大学管理学院,青岛 266100
  • 收稿日期:2018-09-08 修回日期:2018-10-23 出版日期:2019-02-25 发布日期:2019-02-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介: 王波,男,山东临朐人,博士,助理研究员,研究方向为海洋经济、海洋渔业与产业结构。E-mail: oucwangbo@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    自然资源部第四海洋研究所博士启动资金项目(201801);国家社会科学基金重大项目(14ZDA040);北海市科技计划项目(201884035)

Impact of the evolution of industry structure on the economic fluctuation of marine fishery

Bo WANG1(), Guojiang NI2, Limin HAN2,3   

  1. 1. Fourth Institute of Oceanography, Ministry of Natural Resources, Beihai 536000, China
    2. Institute of Marine Development, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China
    3. Management College of Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China)
  • Received:2018-09-08 Revised:2018-10-23 Online:2019-02-25 Published:2019-02-25

摘要:

结构调整与经济波动是经济学研究的重要内容,厘清结构调整与经济波动的关系对深入推进供给侧结构性改革具有重要意义。本文从产业结构视角分析了中国海洋渔业经济波动的引发动力,并采用动态面板模型检验判断了海洋渔业产业结构演进是熨平还是放大了海洋渔业经济波动。结果显示:①海洋渔业产业结构演进能引起海洋渔业经济波动,不同海洋渔业产业结构形态影响海洋渔业经济波动的差异明显;②海洋渔业产业结构高级化、加工系数影响海洋渔业经济波动的“杠杆效应”明显,且高级化的放大效果更加显著;③海洋渔业产业结构合理化、软化与养捕结构对海洋渔业经济波动影响的“熨平效应”显著,且合理化的抑制效果要高于养捕结构,但低于产业结构软化。为平稳推进海洋渔业供给侧结构性改革,本文认为在推进产业结构高级化过程中,要注重产业结构合理化、软化对海洋渔业经济波动的熨平作用。

关键词: 海洋渔业, 经济波动, 产业结构, 杠杆效应, 熨平效应, 中国

Abstract:

The structural adjustment and economic fluctuation is an important research content of economics. Clarifying the relationship between structural adjustment and economic fluctuations plays an important role in deepening the supply-side structural reform. To consolidate the fundamental status of the marine fishery economy, this current study analyzed the driving force of marine fishery economic fluctuation from the perspective of industrial structure according to industrial structure theory and used dynamic panel model to judge whether the evolution of marine fishery industry structure is ironing or amplifying the economic fluctuation of marine fishery. The research results showed that: (1) The evolution of marine fishery industry structure could cause economic fluctuations The differences in the economic fluctuations of marine fisheries affected by different marine fishery industry structures were obvious. (2) The “leverage effect” from the marine fishery industry structure advanced and processing coefficient was obvious. The amplification effect of the advanced industrial structure of marine fishery industry was more significant than processing coefficient. (3) The “ironing effect” of the rationalization, softening, and catching structure of marine fisheries on the economic fluctuation of marine fisheries was significant. The suppression effect of industrial structure rationalization of marine fishery industry was higher than that of the catching structure, but lower than the softening of industrial structure. In order to realize the steady advancement of the structural reform of the supply-side of marine fishery and promote the high quality development of marine fisheries economy, it is essential to promote the advanced industrial structure. It is also necessary to pay more attention to the ironing effect of the rationalization and softening of industrial structure on the economic fluctuation of marine fishery.

Key words: marine fishery, economic fluctuations, industrial structure, leverage effect, ironing effect, China