资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (2): 219-232.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.02.02

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利益相关者视角下内江市农村土地承包经营权退出绩效评价

牛海鹏1,2(), 李聪聪1   

  1. 1. 河南理工大学测绘与国土信息工程学院,焦作 454000
    2. 河南理工大学土地经济与城乡发展研究中心,焦作 454000
  • 收稿日期:2018-08-15 修回日期:2018-09-10 出版日期:2019-02-25 发布日期:2019-02-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介: 牛海鹏,男,河南南阳市人,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要从事土地资源管理方面的教学与科研工作。E-mail:niuhaipeng@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(18BJY126)

Performance evaluation of rural land contract management right exit in Central District of Neijiang City from the perspective of stakeholders

Haipeng NIU1,2(), Congcong LI1   

  1. 1. School of Surveying and Land Information Engineering of Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo 454000, China
    2. The Research Centre of Land Economy and Urban-rural Development of Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo 454000, China
  • Received:2018-08-15 Revised:2018-09-10 Online:2019-02-25 Published:2019-02-25

摘要:

农村土地承包经营权退出涉及重大利益关系调整和农村土地制度的发展和完善,开展土地承包经营权退出绩效评估有利于反映退出政策的成效和不足,为退出模式的选择和优化提供理论借鉴。本文基于利益相关者视角,提出了农村土地承包经营权退出绩效概念,构建了农村土地承包经营权退出绩效三棱柱评价模型,并运用综合指数法科学评价了内江市市中区农村土地承包经营权退出换现金、换股份和换保障模式的单项绩效和综合绩效。结果表明:①基于利益相关者视角的绩效三棱柱评价模型适用于农村土地承包经营权退出绩效评价,其单项绩效和综合绩效能够反映土地承包经营权退出的成效及不足;②不同退出模式的单项绩效水平和综合绩效水平具有显著的差异性,退出换现金模式除了基于农村集体经济组织视角的绩效值高于退出换股份模式外,其他视角(农户和农业经营组织)及综合绩效值均低于退出换股份模式,退出换保障模式绩效最差;③依据不同退出模式的绩效水平差异,在相互借鉴的基础上取长补短、因地制宜地探寻理想的优化方案对于推进农村土地承包经营权有序退出具有重要意义。

关键词: 农村, 土地承包经营权, 利益相关者, 退出绩效, 绩效三棱柱模型, 内江市

Abstract:

The performance of rural land contractual management right exit is a comprehensive representation of the core stakeholders (farmers, rural collective economic organizations, and agricultural management organizations) in the decision-making. Before withdrawal, behavioral efficiency during exit and the effect after exit, it is to reflect the effectiveness of the implementation of the exit policy for rural land contractual management rights. Based on the perspective of stakeholders, this paper constructs a triangular prism evaluation model for the performance of rural land contractual management right exit and uses the comprehensive index method to scientifically evaluate single performance and overall performance of the rural land contractual management right of Neijiang City Central District to withdraw cash, exchange shares, and change the security model. The results show that: (1) The performance based triangular prism evaluation model and based on the stakeholder perspective is applicable to the performance evaluation of rural land contract management right exit. Its individual performance and comprehensive performance can reflect the effectiveness and deficiency of the land contractual management right exit. (2) The single performance level and the comprehensive performance level of the different exit mode exhibits significant differences. In addition to the performance value of the rural collective economic organization, the exit value is higher than the exit-for-share model. Other perspectives (farmers and agricultural management organizations) and overall performance values are lower than the exit-for-share model. The exit-for-guarantee model has the worst performance. (3) According to the differences of performance levels of different exit modes, it is of great significance to learn from the basis of mutual learning and to optimize the ideal optimization plan for the orderly exit of rural land contractual management rights.

Key words: rural, land contractual management right, stakeholder, exit performance, performance triangular prism model, Neijiang City