资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (2): 207-218.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.02.01

• •    下一篇

关键新材料创新突破的研究回顾与展望

王昶1,2(), 宋慧玲1, 耿红军1(), 周依芳1, 张翠虹1   

  1. 1. 中南大学商学院,长沙 410083
    2. 自然资源部国土资源战略研究重点实验室,北京 100812
  • 收稿日期:2018-11-30 修回日期:2018-12-20 出版日期:2019-02-25 发布日期:2019-02-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介: 王昶,男,湖南怀化人,教授,博士生导师,主要研究领域为资源战略与政策。E-mail: changw1000@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(18ZDA061);湖南省软科学重点项目(2017ZK3060);湖南省智库重点委托项目(17ZWB25);新材料首批次应用保险补偿机制/新材料信贷风险补偿基金/新材料中小微企业融资担保/新材料研发专项基金/新材料产业投资基金/新兴产业创投引导基金/新材料产业技术改造专项资金/新材料产业发展专项资金等

Review and prospect of advanced material innovative development

Chang WANG1,2(), Huiling SONG1, Hongjun GENG1(), Yifang ZHOU1, Cuihong ZHANG1   

  1. 1. Business School, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Strategic Studies, Ministry of Natural Resources, Beijing 100812, China
  • Received:2018-11-30 Revised:2018-12-20 Online:2019-02-25 Published:2019-02-25

摘要:

“制造强国梦、材料当先行”。关键新材料是未来高新技术产业发展的基石和先导。本文从关键新材料创新突破的演进规律、技术创新、商业化应用、战略与政策等四个方面梳理了近年来关键新材料创新突破的研究进展。研究表明,产业升级不断对关键新材料创新突破提出新的要求和挑战,而关键新材料的创新突破也会进一步推动产业升级。为此,世界各国都根据本国新材料发展情况纷纷制定关键新材料创新突破战略和政策,争夺科技制高点。然而,关键新材料具有“高技术不确定性”和“高市场不确定性”,这决定了关键新材料创新突破面临“技术创新”和“商业化应用”两大难题。未来需要加强智能制造技术经济范式变革和重点领域智能转型对关键新材料创新突破的影响、关键新材料技术创新突破的实现路径、不同类别关键新材料商业化应用模式的创新以及战略与政策的精准设计等方面的研究。

关键词: 关键新材料, 创新突破, 技术创新, 商业化应用, 研究回顾, 展望

Abstract:

Advanced materials are the cornerstone and precursor of the future development of high-tech industries. This paper provides a systemic review about the innovation evolution, technological innovation, commercialization, national strategies, and policies of advanced materials. It indicates that industrial upgrading has continuously put forward new requirements and challenges for advanced materials. The advanced materials innovation will further promote industrial upgrading. Therefore, different strategies and policy tools for the material innovation are adopted by countries or regions depending on their national circumstances. However, advanced material is highly uncertain in technology and market, demonstrating that it will face two problems of technological innovation and commercialization. Based on these findings and the development of advanced materials, future study in advanced materials innovation should focus mainly on the following four areas: (1) the in-depth study on the impact of intelligent manufacturing technology economic paradigm change and key areas of intelligent transformation on advanced materials innovation. (2) the emphasis study on the paths design for advanced materials technology innovation under special circumstances in China. (3) the in-depth study on the innovation of commercialization models of different kinds of advanced materials. And (4) the in-depth study on the advanced materials policy design on the synergy between government, market and society.

Key words: advanced materials, innovation and breakthrough, technological innovation, commercialization, review, prospects