资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (1): 113-131.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.01.11

• 能源与碳排放 • 上一篇    下一篇

重点产业政策的新能源技术创新效应研究

徐乐1(), 赵领娣1,2()   

  1. 1. 中国海洋大学经济学院,青岛 266100
    2. 教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地中国海洋大学海洋发展研究院,青岛 266100
  • 收稿日期:2018-04-17 出版日期:2019-01-25 发布日期:2019-01-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:徐乐,女,黑龙江佳木斯人,博士生,研究领域为资源环境管理与技术创新。E-mail: Alisaxu9110@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金面上项目(71473233)

New energy technology innovation effect of key industrial policy

Le XU1(), Lingdi ZHAO1,2()   

  1. 1. School of Economics, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China
    2. Marine Development Studies Institute of Ocean University of China, Key Research Institute of Humanities and Social Sciences at Universities, Ministry of Education, Qingdao 266100, China
  • Received:2018-04-17 Online:2019-01-25 Published:2019-01-25

摘要:

产业政策能否成功引致新能源技术创新事关构建清洁能源体系与绿色创新体系,对推进中国工业能源革命与绿色发展至关重要。本文以中央和省级“五年规划”中提及的重点产业为依据建立“准自然实验”,构建2006—2015年中国新能源专利面板数据并将其匹配至应用的工业行业,采用固定效应模型、双重差分法和三重差分法,从需求侧对重点产业政策的新能源技术创新效应及其作用机制进行检验。研究发现:重点产业政策能够有效促进新能源技术创新,但政策效果因制定层级、实施区域、行业特征等不同而存在明显差异,中央政府和地方政府共同实施的产业政策有更明显的创新激励效应,重点产业政策在东部地区落实效果更好,高技术行业的新能源技术创新对产业政策环境要求更高。在作用机制方面,重点产业政策通过外商投资促进新能源技术创新,通过环境规制抑制新能源技术创新,而市场竞争机制的作用则是两极分化,能够正向促进直辖市的新能源技术创新,却反向抑制一般省份的新能源技术创新。中央政府与地方政府应结合发展实际形成“产业政策合力”以促进新能源技术创新。

关键词: 重点产业政策, 新能源技术创新, 新能源专利, 能源革命, 绿色技术创新, 作用机制

Abstract:

Could industrial policy successfully induce new energy technology innovation plays an important role in building a clean energy system and a green technology innovation system. It is vital to promote China's industrial energy revolution and green development. Establishing the Quasi-Natural Experiment according to the key industrial policy in national and provincial governments’ “Five-Year Plan” and combining the panel data of new energy patents which is matched to the industrial sectors of use in China during 2006 to 2015, the current study examines the impacts and mechanisms of key industrial policy on new energy technology innovation from the demand side with fixed effect model, difference-in-difference method, and triple difference method. The findings show that the key industrial policy significantly promotes new energy technology innovation. However, the effects of key industrial policies differ significantly from each other due to different governments, implemented regions, and industrial characteristics. In terms of different governments, the key industrial policy that promoted by national government and provincial governments synchronously has a stronger impact on new energy technology innovation. In terms of different regions, the implementation of key industrial policy in the eastern region is better. In terms of different industries, new energy technology innovation in high-tech industries requires a higher quality industrial policy environment. From the perspective of mechanisms, the key industrial policy promotes new energy technology innovation by foreign investment and inhibits new energy technology innovation through environment regulation. However, the market competition mechanism is polarized. On the one hand, it can positively promote municipalities’ new energy technology innovation. Alternatively, it postpones new energy technology innovation in general provinces. The central government and local governments should combine development practices and form the “industrial policy synergy” to promote new energy technology innovation.

Key words: key industrial policy, new energy technology innovation, new energy patents, energy revolution, green technology innovation, mechanisms