资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (1): 53-62.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.01.06

• 专栏:中国自然资源学会2018 年会论文集萃 • 上一篇    下一篇

智能制造关键新材料创新突破的研究框架与主要议题

王昶1,2(), 耿红军1, 宋慧玲1(), 孙桥1, 卢锋华1   

  1. 1. 中南大学商学院,长沙410083
    2. 自然资源部国土资源战略研究重点实验室,北京100812
  • 收稿日期:2018-11-29 出版日期:2019-01-25 发布日期:2019-01-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王昶,男,湖南怀化人,教授,博士生导师,主要研究领域为资源战略与政策。E-mail:changw1000@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(18ZDA061);湖南省软科学重点项目(2017ZK3060);湖南省智库重点委托项目 (17ZWB25);湖南省科技厅项目(2016XK2001)

Framework and basic issues of promoting development of advanced materials for intelligent manufacturing

Chang WANG1,2(), Hongjun GENG1, Huiling SONG1(), Qiao SUN1, Fenghua LU1   

  1. 1. Business School, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Strategic Studies, Ministry of Natural Resources, Beijing 100812, China
  • Received:2018-11-29 Online:2019-01-25 Published:2019-01-25

摘要:

在新一轮科技革命与产业变革的背景下,智能制造成为中国制造业发展的主攻方向。然而,关键新材料发展滞后,成为中国制造业转型升级的硬约束。如何促进智能制造关键新材料创新突破成为中国亟待解决的现实问题。本文从智能制造关键新材料“高技术不确定性”与“高市场不确定性”的两大特征出发,提出智能制造关键新材料的创新突破需紧扣技术创新与商业化应用两大关键问题,未来需加强智能制造关键新材料创新突破的规律及趋势、技术创新突破路径、商业化应用模式以及战略与政策等议题的研究。

关键词: 智能制造, 关键新材料, 创新发展, 主要议题

Abstract:

With the next science and technology revolution and the industrial transformation background, intelligent manufacturing has become the mainly focused development trend of China's manufacturing industry. However, the lagging development of advanced materials has restricted China’s manufacturing industry structure adjustment and upgrading transition process. It has recently become an urgent concern to promoting development of advanced materials for intelligent manufacturing. Previous studies mainly focused on the innovation evolution, technological innovation, commercialization, national policies of advanced materials; little attention was paid to the identification of the strategy and development direction of advanced materials for intelligent manufacturing. Based on advanced materials intrinsic characteristics of technology uncertainty and market uncertainty, this study argues that the development of advanced materials is determined by its technological innovation capacity and commercial capability. Thus, to promote the breakthrough development of advanced materials for intelligent manufacturing, we should clearly characterize the following basic problems: "how to recognize the law of innovation of advanced materials for intelligent manufacturing and grasp the trend of advanced materials innovation " and "how to identify the strategic intervention link of promoting breakthrough development of advanced materials for intelligent manufacturing and construct the national strategy system of promoting breakthrough development of advanced materials for intelligent manufacturing." According to the two basic problems, we suggest that future research on advanced materials for intelligent manufacturing should focus on development rules and trend, technological innovation breakthrough path, commercialization mode, strategies and polices. This study can provides a theoretical and policy support for the industrial development of China's advanced materials and realization of the strategic goal of manufacturing power.

Key words: intelligent manufacturing, advanced materials, innovation development, basic issues