资源科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (1): 33-42.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.01.04

• 专栏:中国自然资源学会2018 年会论文集萃 • 上一篇    下一篇

中部地区资源环境、经济和城镇化形势与绿色崛起战略研究

董锁成1,3(), 史丹2, 李富佳1,3, 刘佳骏2, 李飞1,3, 叶振宇2, 李泽红1,3(), 李宇1,3, 张荣霞1, 任扬1,3, 李静楠1,3, 张文彪1,3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 中国社会科学院工业经济研究所,北京 100836
    3. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2018-11-02 出版日期:2019-01-25 发布日期:2019-01-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:董锁成,男,甘肃平凉人,博士,首席研究员,主要从事区域生态经济与资源经济研究。E-mail:dongsc@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    环境保护部“十三五”规划研究课题和中国科学院青年创新促进会基金资助

Study on the resource environment, economy and urbanization situation and green rise strategy in Central China

Suocheng DONG1,3(), Dan SHI2, Fujia LI1,3, Jiajun LIU2, Fei LI1,3, Zhenyu YE2, Zehong LI1,3(), Yu LI1,3, Rongxia ZHANG1, Yang REN1,3, Jingnan LI1,3, Wenbiao ZHANG1,3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Institute of Industrial Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing 100836, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China
  • Received:2018-11-02 Online:2019-01-25 Published:2019-01-25

摘要:

中部地区具有承东启西、连南通北的区位优势,是国家区域协调发展战略的重点区。近年来中部地区城镇化水平不断提高、经济实力大幅提升,已经步入了加快发展、全面崛起的新阶段。随之出现了一系列严峻的环境问题,亟待迈入绿色崛起之路。本文在对中部地区经济社会发展与城镇化基本态势判断的基础上,对其出现的典型资源环境问题等进行对比分析,发现其污染状况呈现加重趋势。基于环境库兹涅茨曲线及系统动力学模型,分析得到中部地区经济增长和环境污染依旧延续了传统“先污染后治理”的老路,提出了主要污染物减排投入路径。未来中部地区应积极响应绿色崛起战略,建立健全生态补偿及污染联防联控机制,推动产业结构绿色转型和优化升级,探索经济社会与资源环境协调可持续发展新机制。

关键词: 中部地区, 经济社会, 城镇化, 环境问题, 绿色发展

Abstract:

Central China has the geographical advantages of locating at the transition point of the east and the west of China, and connecting the south and north of China, which is a key development zone for the regional harmonious development of the country. The central region is the Yangtze River Economic Belt and the Yellow River Economic Belt crossing the driving region. It is the regional development strategy of the country's overall development strategy. It is the rising and radiating region of the central urban agglomerations. It is an important industrial transfer bearing area and a regional coordinated development of China. In recent years, the level of urbanization in the central region has been continuously improved and the economic strength has been greatly improved. It has entered a new stage of accelerating development and comprehensive rise. A series of serious environmental problems have emerged. It is urgent to seek a green road to rise. Based on the judgment of the basic situation of economic and social development and urbanization in the central region, this study conducts a comparative analysis of the typical resource and environmental problems. We further identify that its pollution situation is aggravating. Based on the environmental Kuznets curve and the system dynamics model, the analysis shows that the economic growth and environmental pollution in the central region continue the trend of traditional “first pollution after treatment” model. The main pollutant emission reduction input path is refined. In the future, the central region should actively respond to the green rising strategy, establish and improve the ecological compensation and pollution joint prevention and control mechanism, promote the optimization of industrial structure, and explore a new mechanism for coordinated and sustainable development of the economy, society and resources.

Key words: Central China, economic society, urbanization, environmental issues, green development