资源科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (12): 2369-2381.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.12.05

• 资源管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

国内外食育研究的理论与实践

侯鹏1,2(), 王灵恩1(), 刘晓洁1, 李云云1,2, 薛莉1,2, 成升魁1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2018-10-10 修回日期:2018-11-14 出版日期:2018-12-20 发布日期:2018-12-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:侯鹏,男,河南安阳人,博士生,研究方向为资源消费及其综合环境效应。E-mail:houp.17b@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    重点研发计划政府间国际科技创新合作重点专项(2016YFE0113100);国家自然科学基金项目(41701620);中国科学院重点部署项目“新时代国民营养与粮食安全的关键问题研究”

Theory and practice on food education researchat home and abroad

Peng HOU1,2(), Ling′en WANG1(), Xiaojie LIU1, Yunyun LI1,2, Li XUE1,2, Shengkui CHENG1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2018-10-10 Revised:2018-11-14 Online:2018-12-20 Published:2018-12-10

摘要:

当前中国正处于城乡居民膳食结构升级和农业发展战略转型的关键期,加强食育理论与实践研究不仅有助于推动城乡居民改善饮食和生活方式,减少食物浪费以及不科学饮食习惯诱发的健康隐患,更是应对粮食供求长期紧平衡、保障粮食安全的重要手段。当前国内对食育研究明显不足,难以支撑现阶段食育实践推广的需要。本文利用文献资料分析方法首先对国内外食育理论研究进展进行了系统梳理,并从社会背景、制度建设、社会参与、内容和方式创新四方面总结了国外食育的实践特征,进一步梳理了中国食育实践的历史脉络和现状。基于以上分析,文章提出食育的概念,阐述了食育的基本内涵和特征,包括主体的多元化和协调性、内容的丰富性和创新性、形式的多样性和探索性。最后围绕加快推进中国食育提出加强食育制度设计和跨区合作交流、完善食育推进课程体系、建立多元主体共同参与的食育网络、开展食育推进试点等政策建议。

关键词: 食育, 食物可持续消费, 饮食习惯, 健康教育, 粮食安全

Abstract:

China is entering a new and challenging period nowadays. With the continuous increasing of people’s income and the improvement of the whole level of productivity, China is in a critical period of upgrading the dietary structure of urban and rural residents and the strategic transformation of agricultural development. Food education, including diet and nutrition education, is of great importance to sustainable food consumption and health. Therefore, focusing on food education theory and practice can not only contribute to forming healthy and scientific diets and lifestyles, which would help reduce food waste and decrease unscientific-diets-induced health risks in turn, but also can serve as an important approach to cope with the tight-balance between grain supply and demand over a long period of time, and ensure food safety at the national level. However, few studies have focused on food education in China, which can hardly meet the urgent needs of food education practices in China. This study reviews the practices and researches on food education systematically in both China and other countries, summarizes the practical characteristics of food education in foreign countries from four aspects mainly: social background, institution-construction, social participation, innovation in content and pattern. Along with the practical characteristics of food education in foreign countries, the study further characterizes the history and present situation of food education practices in China. Based on the above analysis, the study then proposes a concept of food education and describes its basic connotation and characteristics in detail. In the end, the study puts forward some corresponding policy proposals, for example, strengthening the institutional construction and cross-regional exchanges of food education, establishing a food education collaboration network with multiple principals, strengthening the innovation of forms and contents of food education, and launching some pilot projects.

Key words: food education, sustainable food consumption, eating habits, health education, food safety