资源科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (11): 2296-2306.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.11.15

• 资源管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

少数民族地区传统村落交通可达性分析——以贵州省铜仁市为例

张忠训1,2(), 杨庆媛1(), 王立1, 苏康传1, 匡成铭2   

  1. 1. 西南大学地理科学学院,重庆 400715
    2. 铜仁学院农林工程与规划学院,铜仁 554300
  • 收稿日期:2018-05-02 修回日期:2018-08-27 出版日期:2018-11-20 发布日期:2018-11-12
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:张忠训,男,河南罗山人,博士生,主要研究方向为国土资源与区域发展。E-mail:zhangzhongxun2006@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    中央高校基本科研业务项目(XDJK2017C006;XDJK2018D004);国家自然科学基金(41801155);贵州省科技合作计划项目(黔科合LH字[2015]7252号)

Traffic accessibility analysis of traditional villages in minority areas: a case study of Tongren City, Guizhou Province

Zhongxun ZHANG1,2(), Qingyuan YANG1(), Li WANG1, Kangchuan SU1, Chengming KUANG2   

  1. 1. School of Geographical Science, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
    2. School of Agriculture and Forestry Engineering and Planning, Tongren University, Tongren 554300, China
  • Received:2018-05-02 Revised:2018-08-27 Online:2018-11-20 Published:2018-11-12

摘要:

少数民族地区传统村落是特定文化传承的重要载体,其交通可达性水平直接影响着少数民族地区的经济社会发展和文化保护与传播。本文运用空间句法与GIS分析方法,以贵州省铜仁市100个被住建部认定的国家级传统村落为研究对象,对其交通可达性的特征与影响要素进行分析。结果显示:① 铜仁市交通路网的连接值等级差异显著,拓扑连接呈“点-轴”放射状结构,高速公路多为高集成度轴线核心,路网拓扑连接等级分布与区域经济发展关系密切。市域内传统村落全局可达性较高的为环梵净山区域的江口、印江、松桃三县以及石阡县,局部可达性高的村落具有极为便利的高等级公路通达,感知可达性高的区域集中在环梵净山区域。② 铜仁市传统村落在环梵净山松桃片区形成一个高密度分布区,在环梵净山印江片区、石阡片区和思南与德江交界片区则形成次高密度分布区,这些区域的路网全局通达度和村落的全局可达性也相对较高,表明全局可达性与传统村落分布成正比。③ 封闭的地形、道路等级及整体经济社会发展水平直接影响了传统村落的交通可达性。铜仁市作为武陵山区域的核心区域,虽然传统村落集中,但是可达性总体水平较差,对本区域经济社会发展、村落文化传承与保护形成挑战,亟待提升。

关键词: 民族地区, 山区, 空间句法, 可达性, 铜仁市

Abstract:

Traditional villages in minority areas are important carriers of specific cultural heritage, and the level of transportation accessibility directly affects the economic and social development, cultural protection, and dissemination in minority areas. Based on spatial syntax and GIS analysis, this study identified the characteristics and influencing factors of traffic accessibility in 100 state-level traditional villages in Tongren City, Guizhou Province. The results illustrated: (1) There was a significant difference in the grade of connection value of Tongren traffic network and the topological connection was a "point-axis" radial structure. The highway was the core of high integration axis and the distribution of network topological connection level was closely related to the development of regional economy. The most accessible traditional villages in the city are Jiangkou County, Yinjiang County, the Songtao County, and Shiqian County in Fanjing Mountain area. The villages with high local accessibility have a very convenient access to high grade highways. The areas with high perceptual accessibility are concentrated in the area around Fanjing Mountains. (2) The traditional villages of Tongren City form a high-density distribution area in Songtao region of Fanjing Mountains, a sub-high density distribution areas among the Yinjiang region around Fanjing Mountains, Shiqian region and the junction area between Sinan and Dejiang area were identified. The overall accessibility of these areas is also relatively high, indicating that the overall accessibility is proportional to the distribution of traditional villages. (3) The closed terrain, road grade, and the overall level of economic and social development directly affected the accessibility of traditional villages. As the core area of Wuling Mountain area, Tongren City illustrates a poor overall level of accessibility due to the concentration of traditional villages, which is a challenge to the economic and social development of the region, the inheritance and protection of village culture, which needs to be promoted.

Key words: ethnic region, mountain area, spatial syntax, accessibility, Tongren City