资源科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (11): 2168-2176.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.11.03

• 专栏:中蒙俄经济走廊资源研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

中蒙俄经济走廊自然旅游资源格局及影响因素研究

周李1(), 吴殿廷1, 李泽红2,3(), 王永明1, 乔路明1, 肖晔1   

  1. 1. 北京师范大学地理科学学部,北京 100875
    2. 中科院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    3. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2018-04-23 修回日期:2018-10-09 出版日期:2018-11-20 发布日期:2018-11-12
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:周李,男,安徽宣城人,博士生,研究方向为区域与旅游规划。E-mail: 704145369@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家科技基础资源调查专项(2017FY101300;2017FY101302);国家旅游局“万名旅游英才计划”基金项目(WMYC20171092);中国科学院重点部署项目(ZDRW-ZS-2016-6-5)

Study on spatial distribution and its influencing factors of natural tourism resource in China-Mongolia-Russia Economic Corridor

Li ZHOU1(), Dianting WU1, Zehong LI2,3(), Yongming WANG1, Luming QIAO1, Ye XIAO1   

  1. 1. Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2018-04-23 Revised:2018-10-09 Online:2018-11-20 Published:2018-11-12

摘要:

旅游资源是旅游业发展的基础,跨境旅游资源整合是中国“一带一路”倡导重要议题。本文采用最邻近指数、地理集中指数、基尼系数、不平衡指数、核密度分析等数理方法和空间分析方法,对中蒙俄经济走廊自然旅游资源的空间格局及影响因素进行分析。研究表明:①中蒙俄经济走廊自然旅游资源在空间上为集聚型分布,分布密度总体呈现“多核心”分布格局,主要集中在莫斯科-圣彼得堡地区、叶卡捷琳娜-秋明地区、新西伯利亚地区、环贝加尔湖城市群及中俄沿海地区;②自然旅游资源沿湖、沿河、沿边界、沿交通线分布趋势明显;③地形地貌、湖泊水系等是影响自然旅游资源分布的根本,而经济发展水平、交通通达性、人口数量等是影响其分布的社会经济因素。中蒙俄经济走廊自然旅游资源同质性与互补性并存。三国政府部门应充分利用这一优势,积极创新旅游合作开发模式,合力共建“中蒙俄经济走廊国际旅游带”。

关键词: 经济走廊, 自然旅游资源, 空间格局, 影响因素

Abstract:

Tourism resources are the foundation of the development of tourism. The integration of cross-border tourism resources and the co-construction of cooperation model are the important issues of "the Belt and Road" national strategy. Using the nearest neighbor index, geographic concentration index, Gini coefficient, kernel density analysis, and other mathematical and spatial analysis methods, the spatial pattern and influencing factors of the natural tourism resources in China-Mongolia-Russia Economic Corridor of "the Belt and Road" are identified and characterized. The conclusions can be drawn as the following: (1) The natural tourism resources of the China-Mongolia-Russia Economic Corridor are spatially aggregative, and the distribution density generally presents a “multi-core” distribution pattern, mainly concentrated in the Moscow-Saint Petersburg region, Ekaterina-Tyumen region, Novosibirsk region, Baykal Lake urban agglomeration, and coastal areas of China and Russia. (2) Natural tourism resources are usually along lakes, rivers, borders, and artery traffic. (3) Topographical features, lakes, and water systems are the internal factors that affect the distribution of natural tourism resources, while economic development level, traffic accessibility, population size and others are important external forces affecting its distribution.(4) The natural tourism resources of the China-Mongolia-Russia Economic Corridor are complementary. Different geological foundations and natural geographical conditions are associated with different types of natural tourism resources. The precipitation in Mongolia is rare, mainly grassland. In the northeast of China, the plain is widespread and the soil is fertile, forming natural tourism resources based on forests. Russia is located in a high-latitude region across the Eurasian continent, where plateaus and plains are interlaced, and forming natural tourism resources dominated by lakes, snow, ice, and forests. Therefore, under "the Belt and Road" Initiative, the government departments of China, Mongolia, and Russia should make full use of the complementarity of natural tourism resources, create differentiated tourism products, actively innovate tourism cooperation development modes, and jointly build the “International Tourism Belt of China-Mongolia-Russia Economic Corridor”.

Key words: economic corridor, natural tourism resources, spatial distribution, influencing factors