资源科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (10): 2039-2047.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.10.12

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农户农地转出意愿与转出行为的差异分析

陈振1(), 郭杰1,2(), 欧名豪1,2   

  1. 1. 南京农业大学土地管理学院,南京 210095
    2. 农村土地资源利用与整治国家地方联合工程研究中心,南京 210095
  • 收稿日期:2018-04-28 修回日期:2018-07-22 出版日期:2018-10-25 发布日期:2018-10-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:陈振,男,安徽宣城人,博士生,主要研究方向为土地经济、规划与管理。E-mail: 2016209009@njau.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(71774086);江苏高校哲学社会科学优秀创新团队(2015ZSTD004);江苏省研究生科研创新计划项目(KYCX18_0728)

Characterization of the differences between farmers' intentionfor farmland transfer and their circulation behavior

Zhen CHEN1(), Jie GUO1,2(), Minghao OU1,2   

  1. 1. College of Land Management, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
    2. Center of Urban-rural Joint Development and Land Management Innovation, Nanjing 210095, China
  • Received:2018-04-28 Revised:2018-07-22 Online:2018-10-25 Published:2018-10-20

摘要:

基于改进的计划行为理论,结合安徽省郎溪县实地调查数据,实证分析农地流转过程中农户农地转出意愿与转出行为的差异及其原因,以期为促进农地有序流转,提高农地流转效率提供参考。研究结果表明:①农户农地转出意愿是理想状态下的选择,主要受行为态度、主观规范和知觉控制影响;而转出行为是现实状态下的决定,主要受行为态度和知觉控制影响;②农地流转后转入户毁约弃耕、承包地被过度利用或撂荒等风险严重阻滞了农户农地转出意愿向转出行为顺利转化,是导致意愿与行为相悖离的关键因素。因此,要想切实提高农地流转效率,必须为年龄偏大的农户提供就业培训,为其增加稳定的非农就业机会;加强农地流转相关政策的宣传和引导,增强农户流转意识;慎重对待农地流转可能带来的各类隐性风险,严防毁约弃耕、不合理的土地利用行为以及大规模囤地、撂荒等现象的发生。

关键词: 农地转出意愿, 农地转出行为, 计划行为理论, 风险预期, 安徽省郎溪县

Abstract:

Since the reform and opening-up, China's rural land system reform has transformed farmers from a simple “laborer” to a dual identity of “producer” and “operator”, which greatly mobilizes the enthusiasm of farmers for production and improving the efficiency of agricultural operations. However, with the rapid advancement of China's agricultural modernization process, under the background of the household contract responsibility system, the defects of small-scale operation, small division of land, and low efficiency of resource allocation have begun to become prominent. Farmland transfer has emerged as an effective way to solve the problem of land fragmentation, scale operation, and efficiency of resource allocation. The aim of this study was to provide a reference for improving the efficiency of farmland transfer. Based on the improved planning behavior theory, coupled with the survey data of Langxi in Anhui Province, the current study characterized the differences between farmers' intention for farmland transfer and their transfer behavior. The results showed that: ① The farmers' intention for farmland transfer was an ideal choice, which was mainly influenced by behavioral attitudes, subjective norms, and perceptual control. The transfer behavior was a decision in the actual state, which was mainly influenced by behavioral attitude and perception control. ② The risk was the key factor that led to the separation of intention and behavior. These risks include destroy the farmland, overuse the farmland, and waste the farmland. Therefore, if we want to effectively improve the efficiency of farmland transfer, we should provide an employment training for older farmers and increase their non-agricultural employment opportunities; strengthen the promotion and guidance of relevant policies and increase farmers' awareness of circulation; take care farmland transfer risks, prevent the destroy, waste of farmland, and unreasonable land use behaviors.

Key words: farmland transfer intention, farmland transfer behavior, theory of planned behavior, risk expectation, Langxi in Anhui Province