资源科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (10): 1980-1990.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.10.07

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开放条件下的闽台农业技术进步研究

陈嘉1(), 韦素琼2,3(), 陈松林2,3   

  1. 1. 闽江学院,福州 350108
    2. 福建省亚热带资源与环境重点实验室,福州 350007
    3. 福建师范大学地理科学学院,福州 350007
  • 收稿日期:2017-10-31 修回日期:2018-07-25 出版日期:2018-10-25 发布日期:2018-10-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:陈嘉,女,福建福安人,博士,讲师,主要研究方向为经济地理、城市总体规划。E-mail: chenjia_1028@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41801116;41771136);福建省中青年教师教育科研项目(科技类)(JAT170444);闽江学院引进人才科研启动金(30904301)

Agricultural development and technological changes in Fujian and Taiwan

Jia CHEN1(), Suqiong WEI2,3(), Songlin CHEN2,3   

  1. 1. Minjiang University, Fuzhou 350108, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Resources and Environment of Subtropical of Fujian, Fuzhou 350007, China
    3. College of Geographical Sciences, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China
  • Received:2017-10-31 Revised:2018-07-25 Online:2018-10-25 Published:2018-10-20

摘要:

闽台间独特的“渐进”开放,对两地农业发展影响深远,因而在开放条件下进行闽台农业技术进步研究,具有显著的理论与现实意义。在对比1951—2015年闽台农业发展特征基础上,运用Malmquist指数测度两岸农业全要素生产率(TFP),建立VAR模型进一步研究对外开放、闽台渐进开放对闽台农业技术进步的影响。研究发现:在这65年间,福建农业产值总量大于台湾,而台湾农业产值增速总体上高于福建,但两地农业增长率水平趋近,二者差距逐渐缩小;闽台农业存在一定竞合关系,即农业生产部门结构的差异性及其变动的互补性,以及农业生产效率的赶超与竞争;在农业TFP增长推动因素方面,开放因子对闽台农业生产效率均有显著冲击作用,且渐进开放3个时期间,其冲击效应存在类似“迭代作用”的发展趋势,闽台渐进开放持续影响两地农业技术进步,而闽台农业开放的效应仍在持续显现中。最后,讨论了主要结果所赋予的政策涵义。

关键词: 技术进步, 全要素生产率, 对外开放, 闽台渐进开放, 闽台农业

Abstract:

By comparing agricultural development path between Fujian and Taiwan and extracting their characteristics, this study further implemented Malmquist index to estimate Agricultural Total Factor Productivity (TFP) of the two regions. A VAR model was built to analyze the driving factors of TFPs’ growth during 1951-2015 of Fujian and Taiwan. The main results illustrated that agriculture of Fujian and Taiwan was experiencing a rapid growth rate. The total agricultural output value in Fujian was larger than Taiwan, while agriculture of Taiwan did exhibit a higher growth rate than Fujian. However, the development gap between them is narrowing. Crop Farming is the major industry within agriculture in Fujian and Taiwan. The proportions of Animal Husbandry and Fishery in Taiwan and of Fishery in Fujian changed during 65 years. The industrial structure complementarily in agricultures and the competition and cooperation of agricultural TFP of Taiwan and Fujian indicated a cooperative potential in agriculture between the two regions. Agricultural TFP of the two regions increased during 1951-2015. This study identified that the agricultural TFP of Fujian and Taiwan swings back and forth, while the index of Fujian rises, but the index of Taiwan slightly falls. As for the driving factors, gradual opening-up does accelerate the technological changes, which persists and continues to affect the agricultural TFP in Taiwan and Fujian. The effects iterate with time. In other words, gradual opening-up has continuously affected the agricultural development of Fujian and Taiwan. However, the FDI, TDI (Taiwan Direct Investment) and trade have different impact on Taiwan and Fujian in different opening-up stages. Moreover, the influence of agricultural trade between Taiwan and Fujian will be continuously manifesting. The key findings of the paper have an important policy implication.

Key words: technical change, TFP, opening up, gradual open, agricultural development in Fujian and Taiwan