资源科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (9): 1742-1751.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.09.05

• 土地资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

程序公正与征地补偿:基于程序性权利保障的影响分析

吕图1,2(), 刘向南1,2(), 刘鹏1,2   

  1. 1. 南京农业大学公共管理学院,南京 210095
    2. 南京农业大学不动产研究中心,南京 210095
  • 收稿日期:2018-03-26 修回日期:2018-05-11 出版日期:2018-09-20 发布日期:2018-09-14
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:吕图,男,辽宁海城人,硕士生,专业为土地资源管理。E-mail:2017109077@njau.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家社科基金重大项目(17ZDA076);教育部哲学社科研究重大课题攻关项目(13JZD014);国家自然科学基金面上项目(7167031086)

Procedural justice and land requisition compensation based on the influential analysis of procedural rights guarantee

Tu LV1,2(), Xiangnan LIU1,2(), Peng LIU1,2   

  1. 1. College of Public Administration, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
    2. Realty Research Center, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
  • Received:2018-03-26 Revised:2018-05-11 Online:2018-09-20 Published:2018-09-14

摘要:

本文从理论上系统分析了征地过程中程序性权利保障是促进程序公正、改善农民所获征地补偿水平的重要途径,并通过理论分析和文献综述构建了程序性权利保障的测度指标体系。基于辽宁省305户被征地农民的调查数据,运用多元回归模型实证检验了征地过程中的知情权、参与权、表达权和监督权等程序性权利保障对征地补偿水平的影响。研究发现程序性权利中的知情权和参与权、个体特征中的村干部身份以及家庭人均年收入对农民征地过程中的补偿水平具有显著影响,且影响方向均为正。研究认为程序性权利的保障通过增加农民对征地过程的有效参与、提升谈判能力、规范权力运行进而对征地补偿水平产生了积极的影响,据此从加强征地过程中信息公开制度建设、明确被征地农民的参与环节和参与方式、推动农民表达权实质化以及健全征地监督机制和责任追究机制几方面提出了针对性的对策建议。

关键词: 征地制度, 程序公正, 程序性权利, 征地补偿

Abstract:

The procedural rights guarantee is one of the main routes to promote procedural justice and improve the land requisition compensation for the farmer in theory. Based on the theoretical analysis and literatures review, the current study established an indicator system to evaluate the guarantee degree of the procedural rights in land requisition. With 305 land requisitioned farmers' investigation data from Liaoning province, by applying the Multiple Regression Model, this article tested the influence of procedural rights to the land requisition compensation empirically. The procedural rights in the process of land requisition mainly include the rights to know, the rights to participate, the rights to express, and the rights to supervise. The findings illustrated that the procedural rights of the farmer's rights to know, the farmer's rights to participate, the position of the land requisitioned farmer in the village that if he or she is the village cadre, and per capita annual income of the household did show a significant positive correlation influence to the land requisition compensation. With the implementation of guarantee degree's enhancement of the procedural rights, which could promote the farmer's efficient participation in land requisition, improve farmer's negotiation ability, regulate the operation of the local government and village collective's administrative power, and then brings positive impact to the land requisition compensation. Based on the discussion above, it is essential to further strengthen the institutional construction of the public land requisition information's transparency, to make clear the land requisitioned farmer's participation schedule and pattern in the process, to promote the substantive of farmer's rights to express, and to improve the supervision and accountability mechanism of land requisition.

Key words: land requisition system, procedural justice, procedural rights, compensation of land requisition