资源科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (8): 1572-1582.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.08.08

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陕西南部生态移民减贫效应研究

王文略1,2(), 管睿1, 加贺爪优3, 余劲1()   

  1. 1. 西北农林科技大学经济管理学院,杨凌 712100
    2. 甘肃农业大学财经学院,兰州 730070
    3. 京都大学农学部,京都 606-8502
  • 收稿日期:2018-01-29 修回日期:2018-04-28 出版日期:2018-08-25 发布日期:2018-08-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介: 王文略,男,甘肃金昌人,博士生,讲师,主要研究方向为农业宏观管理与反贫困。E-mail:wangwl@gsau.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71373208;71573208);陕西省国际科技合作重点项目计划(2015KW-053);西北农林科技大学国际科技合作重点项目计划(A213021501)

Poverty alleviation effect of ecological migrants in southern Shaanxi Province

Wenlue WANG1,2(), Rui GUAN1, Masara KAGATSUME3, Jin YU1()   

  1. 1. College of Economics and Management, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China;
    2. College of Finance and Economics, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou 730070, China
    3. Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan
  • Received:2018-01-29 Revised:2018-04-28 Online:2018-08-25 Published:2018-08-10

摘要:

陕西南部生态移民计划于2011—2020年实现240万人的移民搬迁,对其减贫效率进行定量评价,可为精准扶贫和移民减贫战略提供启示和借鉴。本文利用对陕西南部商洛、安康和汉中三市1032农户4年的平衡面板数据,采用农户陷入贫困的维度数和贫困剥夺得分为贫困代理变量,使用双重差分法、基于倾向得分匹配的双重差分法和固定面板效应回归方法,对陕西南部生态移民公共政策的减贫效应进行了评价。结果显示,陕西南部生态移民政策对迁移农户的减贫效应显著,高风险偏好和拥有更多外部机会的农户更容易脱贫。在后续的生态移民政策实施过程中,应着重培育产业发展,防止搬迁农户陷入收入贫困,同时,引导农户改变风险态度并提升自我发展能力,为农户提供更多的外部机会,使生态脆弱地区农户通过生态移民摆脱贫困。

关键词: 生态移民, 减贫, 风险与机会, 陕西南部

Abstract:

Ecological migration in southern Shaanxi province is an important public policy which aims to complete the relocation of 2. 4 million people and achieves the goals of poverty alleviation and environment protection. It has been more than five years since its implementation. Through the quantitative evaluation on its efficiency in poverty alleviation, enlightenment and reference can be identified for strategies over precision poverty alleviation, immigrant-targeted poverty alleviation and rural revitalization. By utilizing four years’ panel data of over 1000 households in southern Shaanxi and taking the dimension of peasant households in poverty and poverty deprivation score as poverty proxy variable, the evaluation on poverty reduction effect of public policies for ecological migration in southern Shaanxi was carried out through such methods as DID, which is based on propensity score matching and fixed panel effect. The results demonstrated that the ecological migration policy in southern Shaanxi plays an important and significant role in an impact on multidimensional poverty alleviation of migrant peasants. However, the result of relocation will increase the possibility of peasants falling into temporary income poverty as its effect on reducing poverty deprivation score is a little bit weak. The peasants with risk preference are more likely to take part in ecological migration and get more external opportunities such as information and relationships. They can easily find more substitute livelihoods and get rid of poverty through the ecological migration. In the future poverty reduction strategy, the government needs to focus on cultivating industry development to prevent migrant peasants fall into the income poverty trap. Meanwhile, the peasants should be guided in changing risk preference to improve their self-development ability and provided more external opportunities. Eventually, the peasants in ecological vulnerable areas could alleviate poverty and improve the sustainable development ability through ecological migration.

Key words: ecological immigration, poverty alleviation, risks & opportunities;, southern Shaanxi Province