资源科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (8): 1560-1571.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.08.07

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新一轮退耕还林工程多元目标瞄准研究——基于农户决策自主权视角

任林静(), 黎洁()   

  1. 西安交通大学公共政策与管理学院,西安 710049
  • 收稿日期:2017-12-17 修回日期:2018-02-28 出版日期:2018-08-25 发布日期:2018-08-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:任林静,女,河南洛阳人,博士生,主要研究领域为农户生计与生态补偿。E-mail: gonewithwind163@yeah.net

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71273204;71573205;71673219)

Targeting of multiple goals in new-stage Sloping Land Conversion Program based on farmers' decision-making autonomy

Linjing REN(), Jie LI()   

  1. School of Public Policy and Administration, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China
  • Received:2017-12-17 Revised:2018-02-28 Online:2018-08-25 Published:2018-08-10

摘要:

退耕还林工程进入政策调整的新阶段,新一轮退耕还林工程能否瞄准多元政策目标是这一时期的关键问题。本文基于一手调查的农户及地块数据,考察新一轮退耕还林工程对生态效益、成本有效性、益贫性等多元目标的瞄准成效,并进一步探究农户决策自主权在退耕瞄准过程中的作用。结果表明,新一轮退耕还林工程基本能够瞄准生态效益较高、成本较低的地块,但并未瞄准贫困户的地块,尤其是在农户没有瞄准自主权的情况下,家庭经济贫困对参与新一轮退耕还林有显著负向影响。农户决策自主权对新一轮退耕还林工程瞄准多元目标有积极作用,由农户自主瞄准的地块更具成本有效性和益贫性。因此,为提升退耕还林工程的瞄准效率,实现成本有效性、益贫性等多元目标及成果的可持续性,应在政策实施过程中赋予农户更多决策自主权;改进新一轮退耕还林工程的瞄准方案与指标体系;完善退耕补偿方案,建立动态的、差异化的生态补偿机制等。

关键词: 新一轮退耕还林工程, 农户决策自主权, 益贫性, 生态效益, 成本有效性

Abstract:

In the new stage of policy adjustment, the New-stage Sloping Land Conversion Program (NSLCP) can aim at multiple policy objectives of ecological benefits, cost-effectiveness and poverty alleviation and whether it could target its multiple goals becomes the key issue in this period. Based on the study of rural households and plots data, this paper evaluated the targeting effects of the NSLCP on the ecological benefit, cost effectiveness, and poverty alleviation. It further explored the role of farmers' decision-making autonomy in the process of converted cropland targeting. The results showed that the NSLCP can aim at the land plots with higher ecological efficiency and lower cost, but it does not target the lands held by the poor households, especially in the case that the rural households do not have the right to target. And the family economic poverty has a significant negative impact on the participation in the NSLCP. The decision-making autonomy of rural households has a positive effect on the multiple targets of the NSLCP. The plots which are targeted by farmers are more cost-effective and the targeting process is more equitable for the poor. Therefore, in order to improve the targeting efficiency of the project, to achieve the cost-effectiveness, the pro-poor effects and the sustainability of the outcomes, the policy should give farmers more decision-making autonomy. It is essential to improve the targeting scheme and its index system in the NSLCP and also the compensation scheme by establishing dynamic and differentiated ecological compensation mechanism.

Key words: new-stage sloping land conversion program, household autonomy, pro-poor targeting, ecological benefits, cost-effectiveness