资源科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (8): 1550-1559.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.08.06

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中国食物可持续消费内涵及其实现路径

王灵恩1(), 侯鹏1,2(), 刘晓洁1, 成升魁1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2018-03-08 修回日期:2018-07-02 出版日期:2018-08-25 发布日期:2018-08-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王灵恩,男,山东临沂人,助理研究员,主要研究方向为可持续消费。E-mail:wangle@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    重点研发计划政府间国际科技创新合作重点专项(2016YFE0113100);国家自然科学基金项目(41701620);中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDA190000)

The connotation and realization way of sustainable food consumption in China

Ling′en WANG1(), Peng HOU1,2(), Xiaojie LIU1, Shengkui CHENG1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2018-03-08 Revised:2018-07-02 Online:2018-08-25 Published:2018-08-10

摘要:

食物消费是人类赖以生存和发展的最基本的消费活动。践行食物可持续消费模式是构建绿色生活方式、建设生态文明的必然要求。目前中国居民食物消费领域呈现出膳食结构变化大、消费方式多元化等特征,同时存在不合理消费带来的健康隐患、食物浪费严重以及食品安全事件频发等诸多问题,严重制约了中国食物消费的可持续发展。文章探讨了食物可持续消费的定义、原则、特征及其相关概念的辨析,进一步提出了现阶段中国食物可持续消费的实现路径,即立足中国实际,从制度设计、方案制定、示范推广、科普引导和监测评估五个步骤着手构建食物可持续消费模式。本文研究结论指出应当重点关注大中城市和贫困农村等重点区域,并聚焦流动人口和中小学生等重点人群,在居民家庭和餐饮行业等重点领域优先探索构建食物可持续消费模式。

关键词: 食物可持续消费, 绿色消费, 膳食结构, 消费方式, 生态文明, 实现路径

Abstract:

Food consumption is one of the most basic activities for human being’s survival and development. To develop a green lifestyle and promote the strategy of ecological civilization, we must first form a sustainable food consumption pattern and then implement it thereafter. At present, China’s enters a new food consumption period, which presents a significant change in the structure of food consumption and a diversification of people’s consumption pattern, etc. On the other side, great changes and challenges come hand-in-hand with each other during this period. For example, there are several bad trends such as health risks resulting from irrational consumption, serious food waste and frequent food-safety incidents, which to a large extent restricts the sustainable development of China's food consumption. Thus, it is recognized that food consumption, as one of the important part in the whole food safety, is of great importance for China’s social-economic development. The current study discusses the definition, principles and characteristics of sustainable food consumption, and then analyzes the similarities and differences between sustainable food consumption and other relevant concepts respectively. We further put forward the realization ways toward sustainable food consumption in China based on the system designing, program formulation, demonstration & extension, public guiding along with monitoring & evaluation orderly to build sustainable food consumption patterns. Additionally, in considering China's current national conditions, we would better select some aspects or cities as pilot areas before implementing the sustainable food consumption-related policies on a large scale. Therefore, we should highlight the big and medium-size cities, poor rural areas and other key regions, and focus on floating populations, students and other emphatic crowds, as well as households and catering industry, to find breakthroughs and explore food consumption patterns.

Key words: sustainable food consumption, green consumption, dietary structure, consumption patterns, ecological civilization, implementation path