资源科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (8): 1515-1525.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.08.03

所属专题: 人口与城市研究

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江西省农业人口转移对城市建设用地增加的影响

邹秀清1(), 谢美辉1(), 肖泽干2, 涂小松1, 王彦1, 徐国良1   

  1. 1. 江西财经大学旅游与城市管理学院,南昌 330032
    2. 南京农业大学公共管理学院,南京 210095
  • 收稿日期:2018-01-19 修回日期:2018-05-12 出版日期:2018-08-25 发布日期:2018-08-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:邹秀清,男,江西庐山人,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向为土地经济与制度。E-mail: zxqing888@263.net

  • 基金资助:
    江西省自然科学基金项目(20171BAA208016);江西省研究生创新项目(YC2017-S220);国家自然科学基金项目(41701196)

An empirical study on the influence of agricultural population transfer on urban construction land increase in Jiangxi Province

Xiuqing ZOU1(), Meihui XIE1(), Zegan XIAO2, Xiaosong TU1, Yan WANG1, Guoliang XU1   

  1. 1. College of Tourism and Urban Management, Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics, Nanchang 330032, China
    2. College of Public Administration, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
  • Received:2018-01-19 Revised:2018-05-12 Online:2018-08-25 Published:2018-08-10

摘要:

伴随中国城镇化的快速发展,大量农业人口向城市转移,城市建设用地面积不断增加。探讨农业人口转移对城市建设用地增加的影响,对推进新型城镇化和实现农民市民化具有十分重要的意义。本文基于2006—2015年江西省11个地级市相关统计数据,采用固定效应与随机效应模型,研究了农业人口转移对城市总建设用地增加及不同类型城市建设用地增加的影响。研究结果表明:农业人口转移在1%的显著性水平下正向影响城市总建设用地增加;农业人口转移对城市工商用地、居住用地和交通绿地广场用地增加的影响分别通过了10%、1%和5%水平下的显著性检验,且其受影响的弹性系数依次为0.167、0.155和0.135;但伴随农业人口的转移,城市公共设施用地并没有显著增加;农业人口转移对不同类型城市建设用地增量的影响存在区域差异。因此,政府应根据农业人口转移的进程适度增加城市公共设施用地,合理布局不同的城市建设用地类型,有效推进新型城镇化建设,实现农业转移人口市民化。

关键词: 农业人口转移, 城市建设用地增加, 城镇化, 固定效应模型, 随机效应模型, 江西省

Abstract:

With the rapid development of urbanization in China, the area of urban construction land has been increasing, when a large number of agricultural population keep transferring to cities. The purpose of this paper is to explore the influence of agricultural population transfer on the growth of urban construction land,which is of great significance for promoting the construction of new urbanization and achieving the real transfer of agricultural population.Based on the statistical data of 11 cities in Jiangxi province from 2006 to 2015,the fixed effect and the random effect model were used to study the influence of the agricultural population transfer on the increase of urban total construction land and different types of urban construction land. The results show that the transfer of agricultural population in Jiangxi had a significant positive impact on the growth of urban construction land, and passed the test under one percent level. What's more, the transfer of agricultural population also exerted significant effects on the growths of urban industrial-commercial land, urban residential land and traffic-green-square land, and quite obvious in the scope of ten percent,one percent and five percent respectively, and the influence coefficients correspondingly were 0.167, 0.155, and 0.135. However, with the transfer of agricultural population, there has been no significant growth in urban public facilities-service land.There are regional differences among different cities, when the increase of different types of construction lands are impacted by the agricultural population transfer.Thus, it is concluded that the transfer of agricultural population will enhance the total amount of urban construction land. Thus, according to the process of agricultural population transfer, the government should moderately increase the urban public facilities land, rationally layout different types of urban construction land, for effectively promoting the construction of new urbanization and finally realizing the urbanization of agricultural population.

Key words: agricultural population transfer, growth of urban construction land, urbanization, fixed effect model, random effect model, Jiangxi Province