资源科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (8): 1495-1504.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.08.01

• •    下一篇

中国海外耕地投资状况研究

孙侦1(), 贾绍凤1,2(), 吕爱锋1,3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所陆地水循环及地表过程重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 青海师范大学地理科学学院,西宁 810008
    3. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2018-01-08 修回日期:2018-04-10 出版日期:2018-08-25 发布日期:2018-08-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:孙侦,女,河北邯郸人,博士后,主要从事水土资源管理研究。E-mail:040400126@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(A类)课题(XDA20010200);国家自然科学基金项目(41471463);国家重点研发计划课题(2016 YFC0401307)

The status of China’s overseas farmland investment

Zhen SUN1(), Shaofeng JIA1,2(), Aifeng LV1,3   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Water Cycle and Related Land Surface Processes, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academic of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Geographic Sciences, Qinghai Normal University, Xining 810008, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2018-01-08 Revised:2018-04-10 Online:2018-08-25 Published:2018-08-10

摘要:

准确而全面的海外耕地投资信息,对于“海外耕地投资”相关研究工作具有至关重要的作用,能够为国家决策部门引导中国企业进行海外耕地良性投资提供科学依据。本文利用GRAIN数据库、Landmatrix数据库和中国境外经贸合作区资料,构建2008—2015年中国海外耕地投资数据库。研究结果显示,与已有研究成果相比,本研究得到的中国海外耕地投资合同面积,具有更高的准确性和全面性;2015年中国海外耕地投资东道国主要为收入水平比较低的国家和耕地资源丰富的国家;2008—2015年中国海外耕地投资合同面积和交易数均呈现增加趋势,东道国分布更趋广泛;中国海外利用耕地规模还非常有限,海外耕地投资合同面积占国内耕地的比例只有2.0%,利用海外投资耕地生产并进口到国内的粮食占国内粮食总产量的比例更低,比重在0.5%以下。本文认为国家应该加强宣传中国海外耕地投资活动的正义性,以及为保障全球粮食安全所做出的重要贡献,对中国企业海外耕地投资活动加大政策支持和科学引导。

关键词: 海外耕地投资, 合同面积, Landmatrix数据库, GRAIN数据库, 境外经贸合作区资料, 中国

Abstract:

The accurate and comprehensive information of overseas farmland investment plays an important role in related studies. This research provides a scientific foundation for the national decision-making departments to guide Chinese enterprises in the overseas farmland investment, and has a great significance for both global and domestic food security. However, due to the lack of valid data about China’s overseas farmland investment, the history and present status of the investment, including the contract area, target country and deal, had rarely been investigated. In current study, based on the GRAIN dataset, Landmatrix dataset, as well as data from China's overseas economic and trade cooperation zone, China’s overseas farmland investment dataset was built. The results illustrated that the contract area of China's overseas farmland investment obtained in this study is more accurate and comprehensive than the existing research results. The target countries in the year 2015 were mainly the ones with low level income and rich farmland resource. Both the contract area and number of deals demonstrated increasing trends, and the distribution of the target countries was more widespread from 2008 to 2015. The scale of China’s overseas farmland investment is still rather limited. The contract area accounts for only 2. 0% of domestic farmland, while the proportion of overseas grain production importing to China is lower than that. This article proposes that China should strengthen the propaganda of the justice about China’s overseas farmland investment activities, and its important contribution to global food security, and further increase the policy support and scientific guidance for Chinese enterprises to invest in overseas farmland

Key words: overseas farmland investment, contract area, Landmatrix dataset, GRAIN dataset, overseas economic and trade cooperation zone, China