资源科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (7): 1473-1482.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.07.15

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中国空气污染对入境旅游发展的影响

刘嘉毅1(), 陈玉萍2, 夏鑫3()   

  1. 1. 淮阴师范学院旅游管理系,淮安 223300
    2. 上海体育学院体育休闲与艺术学院,上海200438
    3. 东华大学旭日工商管理学院,上海200051
  • 收稿日期:2017-11-12 修回日期:2018-03-12 出版日期:2018-07-20 发布日期:2018-07-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘嘉毅,男,湖南衡阳人, 博士,副教授,主要研究方向为旅游经济学与城市旅游。E-mail:ljiayiw@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(16YJC630069);湖南省社会科学成果评审委员会课题(XSP17YBZC063)

Research on the effect of air pollution on the development of inbound tourism in China

Jiayi LIU1(), Yuping CHEN2, Xin XIA3   

  1. 1. Department of Tourism Management, Huaiyin Normal university, Huaian 223300, China
    2. Department of Sports Leisure and Art, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai, 200438, China
    3. Glorious Sun School of Business, Donghua University, Shanghai 200051, China
  • Received:2017-11-12 Revised:2018-03-12 Online:2018-07-20 Published:2018-07-20

摘要:

基于2001—2015年中国大陆31个省区(自治区、直辖市)的面板数据,采用sys-GMM与GIS自然断裂法等研究方法,就空气污染对入境旅游发展的影响进行实证检验。研究结果表明:空气污染对中国入境旅游发展有显著负向影响,在样本时间段,空气污染程度每提升1个百分点,入境旅游发展程度就随之下降0.309个百分点;在2001—2005年、2006—2010年、2011—2015年三个时段中,空气污染对入境旅游发展的负向影响效应都显著存在,随时间推进,空气污染对入境旅游发展的边际负向影响呈现阶梯式递增态势;政府干预、旅游资源禀赋在抑制空气污染对入境旅游发展的影响强度;将各省区分为高污染区、较高污染区、较低污染区与低污染区,发现无论处在何种空气污染区中,空气污染都对其入境旅游发展有显著负向影响,污染程度越高的区域,空气污染对入境旅游发展的负向影响效应也越强。

关键词: 空气污染, 入境旅游, 调节效应, sys-GMM, 影响分析, 中国

Abstract:

The effect of air pollution on the development of inbound tourism is analyzed based on panel data for 31 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) in mainland China from 2001 to 2015. The results show that air pollution is an obvious factor that hinders the development of inbound tourism in China. When the degree of air pollution increased by one percentage point, the level of development of inbound tourism dropped by 0. 309 percentage points. In the three time periods 2001-2005, 2006-2010 and 2011-2015, air pollution negatively affected the development of inbound tourism. Over time the negative impact of air pollution on the development of inbound tourism followed a stepwise increasing trend. Government intervention and tourism resource endowment inhibited the influence of air pollution on the development of inbound tourism. The provinces are divided into high pollution areas, higher pollution areas, lower pollution areas and low pollution areas. It was found that no matter what kind of air pollution areas are located, air pollution negatively influenced the development of inbound tourism. With increasing air pollution, the negative impact of air pollution on the development of inbound tourism was stronger. In policy-making process, governments at all levels in China should step up air pollution control strategies, adhere to the development path of green GDP, and moderately intervene in regional tourism development. Major tourist destinations should adhere to stricter standards to control air pollution and establish an air quality monitoring system and implement a global greening project to enhance air purification capabilities. Relevant agencies should closely monitor overseas media coverage of air pollution in China and establish an international air pollution warning, emergency response and guidance mechanism for minimizing China’s inbound tourism development resistance from air pollution.

Key words: air pollution, inbound tourism, regulation effect, sys-GMM, impact analysis, China