资源科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (7): 1375-1386.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.07.06

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基于农户受偿意愿的休耕补偿标准探讨——以河北样本户为例

曾黎1,2(), 杨庆媛1,3(), 廖俊儒4, 陈展图1, 陈伊多1, 杨人豪1   

  1. 1. 西南大学 地理科学学院,重庆 400715
    2. 成都市规划设计研究院,成都 610041
    3. 西南大学绿色低碳发展研究所,重庆 400715
    4. 华东师范大学 地理科学学院,上海 200214
  • 收稿日期:2017-08-30 修回日期:2018-01-26 出版日期:2018-07-20 发布日期:2018-07-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:曾黎,女,四川彭州人,硕士,主要研究方向为土地经济与政策。E-mail:zengxuli@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社科基金重大项目(15ZDC032)

Fallow compensation based on farmer willingness to accept in Hebei

Li ZENG1,2(), Qingyuan YANG1,3(), Junru LIAO4, Zhantu CHEN1, Yiduo CHEN1, Renhao YANG1   

  1. 1. School of Geographical Sciences,Southwest University,Chongqing 400715, China
    2. Chengdu Institute of Planning and Design, Chengdu 610041, China
    3. Institute of Green and Low-carbon Development, Southwest University,Chongqing 400715, China
    4. School of Geographical Sciences,East China Normal University,Shanghai 200214, China
  • Received:2017-08-30 Revised:2018-01-26 Online:2018-07-20 Published:2018-07-20

摘要:

为探讨农户效用最大化条件下有效激励农户主动参与休耕的补偿标准,以效用理论为指导,依托河北省293户样本,构建农户受偿意愿的效用函数测定休耕补偿标准,并通过Binary Logistic回归模型检验农户受偿意愿的影响因素。研究表明:① 通过多角度的验证,农户意愿视角下测定的休耕补偿标准具有充分的理论依据和现实合理性;② 休耕补偿标准测算结果显示,参数估计结果为7677.60元/hm2,非参数估计结果为9962.40元/hm2;③ 回归分析表明在河北整村推进实施休耕的背景下,农户的个人特征和家庭特征对受偿意愿的影响被削弱,生产特征和农户对休耕补偿政策的认知成为主要影响因素,农户生产特征中投入产出比过高是农户选择休耕的根本动因。基于上述结论,建议适当提高现行休耕补偿标准,休耕政策的推行应尊重农户意愿,并积极探索农民增收渠道以降低农户对土地的依赖性。本研究从农户意愿的角度出发探讨休耕补偿标准,是耕地休耕理论研究的新尝试,以期为完善休耕经济补偿机制提供有效参考。

关键词: 耕地休耕, 效用理论, 受偿意愿, 补偿标准, 河北

Abstract:

The aim of this study was to explore compensation under the condition of farmer’s utility maximization for incentive fallowing. This work could provide an effective reference for a more better land fallow compensation mechanism in Hebei. We found that the critical compensation amount that would mobilize farmers to participate in fallow is 7677.60 CNY per acre. The average expected compensation amount is 9962.40 CNY per acre. Compared with the current compensation standard, opportunity cost, land rent and other factors, the critical compensation amount is scientific and reasonable. The range from 7677.60 CNY to 9962.40 CNY per acre is a better dynamic adjustment interval for the fallow compensation standard in Hebei. Various factors affect famer participation in fallow, including individual characteristics, family characteristics, production features and farmer cognition of fallow compensation policy. Factors of individual and family characteristics that impact farmer willingness to fallow are weakened by government forces. However, the most important factors affecting farmer willingness to fallow are production characteristics and awareness of fallow compensation policy. Compared with other factors, a high input-output ratio is the fundamental factor for farmer willingness to fallow. It is recommended that the current fallow compensation standard be raised appropriately to protect the interests of fallow farmers, and adjust the fallow compensation standards according to price changes. The implementation of fallow policy should respect farmer willingness. To reduce farmer dependence on land, local government should increase sources of income for farmers.

Key words: winter wheat fallow, utility theory, willingness to accept, compensation amount, Hebei