资源科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (7): 1354-1364.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.07.04

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农地转出前后农户福利变化及差异研究——以关天经济区政府主导型农地流转为例

廖沛玲(), 赵健, 夏显力()   

  1. 西北农林科技大学经济管理学院,杨凌712100
  • 收稿日期:2017-09-25 修回日期:2018-03-30 出版日期:2018-07-20 发布日期:2018-07-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:廖沛玲,女,广东肇庆人,硕士生,主要研究方向为农村与区域发展。E-mail:Liaopuiling@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(17BJY137);教育部人文社会科学项目(15YJA790068)

Welfare changes and disparities among farmers before and after renting out farmland with government-dominated farmland transfer in the Guanzhong-Tianshui Economic Zone

Peiling LIAO(), Jian ZHAO, Xianli XIA()   

  1. College of Economics & Management, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
  • Received:2017-09-25 Revised:2018-03-30 Online:2018-07-20 Published:2018-07-20

摘要:

为推动农地适度规模经营、促进农村经济发展,政府主导型农地流转逐渐成为土地流转的重要模式之一。农地作为农户最为重要的生计资产,其转出将对农户福利变化及差异产生深刻影响。本文以关天经济区659户政府主导型农地流转为例,从阿马蒂亚·森福利经济学理论出发,运用模糊评价法、博弈论组合赋权法与福利差异指数探究农地转出前后农户福利变化及差异。研究结果表明:① 农地转出后,农户福利模糊指数从0.432提升到0.467,但提升幅度不大,仍低于0.5的中等福利水平。其中,经济状况隶属度、社会保障隶属度、居住条件隶属度与就业及发展隶属度均有所提升,心理与健康隶属度出现略微下降。② 农地转出后,农户福利总差距与区内福利差距均有不同程度的缩小,区间福利差距变化不明显。③ 较关中区域而言,政府主导型农地流转对天水区域农户福利平等分配的作用更大。这与两区域的政府主导型农地流转在角色定位、过程管理、监管保障方面存在差异有关。为此,政府主导型农地流转应围绕全面提升农户福利、进一步缩小区内差异、继续保持区间同步发展三方面进行完善及改进。

关键词: 农户福利, 土地流转, 政府主导, 博弈论组合权重, 关天经济区

Abstract:

To promote farmland large scale management and rural economic development, government-dominated farmland transfer has been a significant mode of farmland transfer in modern China. Farmland is known as the most important livelihood asset of farmer, and its transfer will have a great influence on welfare changes and disparities among farmers. According to 659 samples from the Guanzhong-Tianshui Economic Zone, we built a farmers’ welfare index system based on the thought of Sen’s function and capacity approach. We used fuzzy evaluation method and combination weight based on game theory to measure welfare changes. We used indexes of Gini and Theil to analyze welfare disparities for farmers. We found that after farmland transfer, sampled farmers’ welfare levels are modestly improved, though the increase is not significant. Specifically, sampled farmers’ welfare levels increase from 0.432 to 0.467. Rather, it is still below the median level 0.5. Economic condition, social security, living condition, employment and development are improved to varying degrees, but psychology and health declines. The total welfare disparities and welfare disparities within groups become narrow. Welfare disparities between groups show little change. There are differences in role positioning, process management and regulatory guarantee in government-dominated farmland transfer, which means that the effect of equal distribution of welfare within groups on the Tianshui area is greater than that for the Guanzhong area. We suggest improvements to government-dominated farmland transfer to comprehensively enhance farmers’ welfare, reduce welfare disparities within groups and develop these two areas simultaneously.

Key words: farmers’ welfare, farmland transfer, government-dominated, combination weight based on game theory, Guanzhong-Tianshui Economic Zone