资源科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (6): 1196-1208.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.06.10

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长江经济带旅游景区空间格局及演变

吴春涛1(), 李隆杰1, 何小禾1, 王姣娥2,3()   

  1. 1. 四川大学旅游学院,成都 610065
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所/区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京100101
    3. 中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京100049
  • 收稿日期:2017-06-22 修回日期:2017-11-27 出版日期:2018-06-25 发布日期:2018-06-22
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:吴春涛,女,四川德阳人,副教授,硕士生导师,主要研究方向为旅游企业及目的地管理、航空旅游和城市旅游。E-mail: chuntao@scu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目(17YJAZH090);四川省社会科学规划项目(SC17TJ009);四川省社会科学重点研究基地四川县域经济发展研究中心项目(XY2017019)

Spatial analysis of scenic spots in the Yangtze River Economic Belt

Chuntao WU1(), Longjie LI1, Xiaohe HE1, Jiaoe WANG2,3()   

  1. 1. School of Tourism, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research/Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    3. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2017-06-22 Revised:2017-11-27 Online:2018-06-25 Published:2018-06-22

摘要:

长江经济带的联动发展及生态廊道建设使旅游景区的空间分布出现剧烈变化,研究旅游景区的空间变化对旅游基础设施的合理布局、制定长江黄金旅游带规划以及实现旅游经济腾飞具有重要作用。本文选取2012年和2016年长江经济带九省二市的旅游景区空间点位数据,综合运用标准差椭圆、平均最近邻分析以及核密度等方法分析了长江经济带旅游景区的空间演变特征。结果表明:长江经济带旅游景区总体分布格局基本沿长江水系发生聚集,聚集程度随时间的推移不断加深;相关政策促进、旅游业市场需求持续增加、交通可达性优化等多重因素的综合作用使区域景区聚集加速;城市休闲型景区以及主题公园兴建为城市景区聚集提供新动力。

关键词: 旅游景区, 聚集特征, 空间演变特征, 标准差椭圆, 平均最近邻分析, 核密度, 长江经济带

Abstract:

The linkage development of different provinces in the Yangtze River Economic Belt and the construction of ecological corridor policy brings about dramatic changes to the spatial distribution of scenic spots in the whole Yangtze River Economic Belt. Research on the spatial changes of tourism scenic spots in every province and the whole region, plays an important role in distributing tourism infrastructure. This is also important to the planning of the Yangtze River Golden Tourism Zone and rapid development of the tourism economy. This article uses the spatial location of scenic spots in eleven provinces in the Yangtze River Economic Belt to investigate the spatial evolution characteristics of scenic spots. All data are obtained from official websites maintained by national and provincial tourism administrations. Integration of the standard deviation ellipse, average nearest neighbor analysis and kernel density method are used to analyze evolution tendency. We found that the distribution pattern of tourist scenic spots in the Yangtze River Economic Belt is mostly clustered with the Yangtze River river system. The degree of clustering deepens as time goes by across the whole region. Characteristics of phased and integrated development of regional tourism development in the Yangtze River Economic Belt, rapid development of tributaries, tourism promotion policy, better accessibility of transport and urban construction are the main reasons explaining the aggolomeration of scenic spots. The construction of urban recreational scenic spots and theme parks provides new impetus for the clustering of urban scenic spots.

Key words: scenic spots, cluster characteristics, spatial evolution characteristics, standard deviation ellipse, average nearest neighbor analysis, kernel density, the Yangtze River Economic Belt