资源科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (6): 1150-1162.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.06.06

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基于公平与效率视角的农地整理后期管护的制度绩效研究

周惠(), 赵微(), 彭开丽, 甘臣林   

  1. 华中农业大学公共管理学院,武汉 430070
  • 收稿日期:2017-08-21 修回日期:2017-09-21 出版日期:2018-06-25 发布日期:2018-06-22
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:周惠,女,湖北鄂州人,硕士生,研究方向为农地整理。E-mail:sciwrth@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71403094);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(2662018YJ007)

Institutional performance of supervision and maintenance for land consolidation projects in view of fairness and efficiency

Hui ZHOU(), Wei ZHAO(), Kaili PENG, Chenlin GAN   

  1. College of Public Administration, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
  • Received:2017-08-21 Revised:2017-09-21 Online:2018-06-25 Published:2018-06-22

摘要:

农地整理的后期管护对于延长农地整理建成设施的生命周期,提高土地资源利用效率,促进农地整理项目的可持续发展有着重要的意义。本文从公平与效率视角出发,运用结构方程模型对农地整理后期管护制度绩效与制度公平、制度效率的内在作用机制进行探析,试图为管护制度的完善和农地整理后期管护的可持续发展提供一定理论依据。研究结果表明:①制度公平与制度效率分别在1%、5%的统计水平上正向显著作用于制度绩效,制度公平与制度效率的相关系数为0.81,本文的3个假说均得到验证;②管护主体选择方式、管护人员充足程度、村民社交改善程度分别对制度绩效、制度公平、制度效率总效应最大,效应值分别为0.83、0.68、0.82;③模型运行结果具有稳健性,在“搭便车”行为的作用下,制度公平对制度绩效的影响更加显著。最后,建议推进管护主体选择方式多元化,推动项目区管护人员数量与素质的规范化管理,同时加强农民管护参与平台和机制建设,促进项目区农民相互沟通与交流。

关键词: 农地整理, 后期管护, 制度绩效, 制度公平, 制度效率

Abstract:

Post supervision and maintenance for rural land consolidation is of significance to prolong the life circle of building facilities for land consolidation projects, improve the efficiency of land resource utilization, and promote the sustainable development of projects. From the perspective of fairness and efficiency, we explored the interaction between institutional performance with institutional equity, institutional efficiency of supervision and maintenance for rural land consolidation based on 568 rural household surveys in Hubei, China. A structural equation model (SEM) was employed to test the validity of theoretical assumptions. This paper aims to support the perfection of the institution and sustainable development of supervision and maintenance. We found that institutional equity and institutional efficiency affect institutional performance. The correlation coefficient between institutional equity and institutional efficiency is 0. 81. All three hypotheses in this paper are verified. The selecting mode of management subjects, the sufficiency of management personnel, the improvement of farmers’ communication by reason of supervision and maintenance institution are the main-body of institutional performance, institutional fairness and institutional efficiency, respectively. The effect values are 0. 83, 0. 68 and 0. 82. Model results are stable, the influence of institutional fairness on institutional performance is more significant with the effect of free-riding. Based on these findings, the selecting mode of management subjects should be diversified, and standardized management of supervision and maintenance personnel in project areas should be promoted. The platform and operating mechanism for farmers’ participation should be strengthened in order to accelerate their communication.

Key words: rural land consolidation, supervision and maintenance, institutional performance, institutional equity, institutional efficiency