资源科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (6): 1130-1137.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.06.04

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生态国土建设的科学内涵和基本框架

陈从喜1,2,3(), 马永欢1,2(), 王楠1,2, 黄宝荣2,4, 成金华2,3   

  1. 1. 国土资源部信息中心,北京 100812
    2. 国土资源部国土资源战略研究重点实验室,北京 100812
    3. 中国地质大学(武汉)经济管理学院,武汉 430074
    4. 中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院,北京 100190
  • 收稿日期:2018-01-12 修回日期:2018-03-19 出版日期:2018-06-25 发布日期:2018-06-22
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介: 陈从喜,男,安徽萧县人,博士,研究员,主要从事国土资源战略研究和形势分析工作。E-mail: cxchen@infomail.mlr.gov.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国土资源部软科学研究项目(201525);中国科学院科技智库战略先导科技专项(Y7X0561601);国家社会科学基金专项(18VSJ037)

Scientific connotation and basic paths for constructing ecological land

Congxi CHEN1,2,3(), Yonghuan MA1,2(), Nan WANG1,2, Baorong HUANG2,4, Jinhua CHENG2,3   

  1. 1. Information Center of the Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing 100812, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Strategic Studies, Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing 100812, China
    3. School of Economics and Management, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China
    4. Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
  • Received:2018-01-12 Revised:2018-03-19 Online:2018-06-25 Published:2018-06-22

摘要:

生态国土具有经济、社会、生态等多重属性和功能,是经济社会发展和生态文明建设的物质基础和空间载体。加强生态国土建设是生态文明建设的必然趋势和客观要求,是优化国土空间开发格局,实现人与自然和谐发展的必由之路。本文采用文献分析、实地调研和专家座谈咨询相结合的研究方法,对生态国土建设的科学内涵、基本框架、技术路径和政策措施进行了深入探讨和系统阐述。生态国土建设的根本目的是要发挥自然资源生态文明建设主力军作用,把党中央国务院关于生态文明建设的战略决策部署落实到自然资源领域的各个环节。基本框架是以源头保护、节约利用、整治修复为主线,优化国土空间开发格局,集中统一管理自然资源资产,集中统一监管自然生态,改革和完善自然资源管理制度,加强生态国土基础能力建设和科技创新支撑,完善相关法律制度和政策,加强规划和引导,加快开创生态国土建设的新局面。

关键词: 生态国土, 生态文明, 科学内涵, 基本框架, 路径选择, 保障措施, 政策建议

Abstract:

Ecological land has multiple functions such as economic, societal and ecological. That the construction of ecological land will be strengthened is an inevitable trend and an objective requirement in the construction of an ecological civilization. It is the only way to optimize the pattern of land and space development and realize the harmonious development between people and nature. The scientific connotation, basic framework, technical path and policy measures regarding the construction of ecological land are discussed systematically using literature analysis, field research and expert consultation. The fundamental purpose of the construction of ecological land is to give full play to the main force of the construction of land and resources, and to put all the strategic decisions of the CPC Central Committee and State Council into all aspects of land and resources. The basic framework is source protection, conservation and renovation repair as the main line. To accelerate the construction of ecological land China should optimize national spatial development patterns, centralize and unify management of natural resource assets, centralize and unify regulation of natural ecology, reform and improve the system of natural resources management, strengthen the construction of basic ecological land, support scientific and technolo-gical innovation, perfect relevant legal systems and policies, and strengthen planning and guidance.

Key words: ecological land, ecological civilization, scientific connotation, basic framework, path selection, security measures, policy suggestions