资源科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (5): 1063-1072.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.05.18

• 能源与碳 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于MRIO模型与LMDI方法的中国水产品贸易隐含碳排放转移研究

李晨1,2(), 丛睿1, 邵桂兰1()   

  1. 1. 中国海洋大学经济学院,青岛 266100
    2. 中国海洋大学海洋发展研究院,青岛 266100
  • 收稿日期:2017-07-10 修回日期:2018-01-05 出版日期:2018-05-10 发布日期:2018-05-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:李晨,女,山东青岛人,博士,副教授,硕士生导师,主要研究方向为海洋资源、渔业经济与水产品贸易流通。E-mail:phdlichen@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    山东省社会科学规划研究项目(16DJJJ14);2017年度青岛市社会科学规划研究项目(QDSKL1701012);山东省社会科学规划研究项目重大理论与实践问题研究专项(18CSJJ01)

Embodied carbon emissions transfer in China aquatic product trade based on MRIO modeling and LMDI methods

Chen LI1,2(), Rui CONG1, Gui Lan SHAO1()   

  1. 1. School of Economics, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China
    2. Institute of Marine Developrent, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China
  • Received:2017-07-10 Revised:2018-01-05 Online:2018-05-10 Published:2018-05-10

摘要:

随着国际贸易强度的日益增加,隐含碳排放呈现不断增长趋势,国际贸易已成为隐含碳排放转移的重要方式。本文利用MRIO模型测算中国2005—2014年水产品贸易隐含碳排放转移量,并采用LMDI方法进行效应分解,从规模效应、结构效应及强度效应三方面研究水产品贸易发展对隐含碳排放转移的驱动影响。结果表明,中国水产品贸易隐含碳排放转移量总体呈先降后升特征,且始终为水产品贸易隐含碳排放净流出国。规模效应在水产品进出口贸易隐含碳排放表现拉动作用,而结构效应和强度效应对水产品贸易隐含碳排放进出口则具有抑制作用。因此,通过大力发展渔业低碳技术和提高渔业生态效率降低水产品贸易隐含碳排放强度、构建整体海洋生态系统、优化水产品贸易结构,是减少中国水产品贸易隐含碳排放并提升中国在国际气候谈判中话语权的重要举措。

关键词: 水产品贸易, 隐含碳排放转移, MRIO模型, LMDI方法

Abstract:

With increasing international trade, embodied carbon emissions are growing. International trade is no longer a purely economic activity and has become an important way for embodied carbon emission transfer. The embodied carbon emissions in international trade have also become an important issue in global climate change negotiations. Based on the MRIO model, we calculated embodied carbon emission transfer in China’s aquatic product trade from 2005 to 2014. We adopted the LMDI method to decompose the effect and explore causes of embodied carbon emission transfer in the aquatic product trade from the effect of scale, structure and intensity. We found that the embodied carbon emissions transfer decreased and then increased in China. China has always been the net exporter of embodied carbon emissions in aquatic product trade. Among influencing factors of embodied carbon emissions in aquatic product trade, the scale effect has a positive effect. Structure and intensity effects have negative effects. Therefore, China should reduce the intensity of carbon emissions and optimize the trade structure of aquatic products as an important way to reduce embodied carbon emissions in the trade of aquatic products, and should improve fishery ecological efficiency and develop low-carbon technology to reduce embodied carbon emission intensity. Across whole marine ecological system construction China should promote the development of marine ranching, farming and other modern three-dimensional fishery ecological culture modes. At the same time, China should optimize the trade structure of aquatic products from the perspective of low-carbon fisheries and improve the utilization efficiency of the energy industry to further reduce embodied carbon emissions transfer in its aquatic product trade. These measures will enhance discourse and rights in international climate negotiations.

Key words: aquatic product trade, embodied carbon emissions, MRIO model, LMDI method