资源科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (5): 1006-1015.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.05.13

• 水资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

“一带一路”主体路线及主体水资源区研究

左其亭1,2(), 韩春辉1, 郝林钢1, 王豪杰1, 马军霞1,2   

  1. 1. 郑州大学水利与环境学院,郑州 450001
    2. 郑州大学水科学研究中心,郑州 450001
  • 收稿日期:2017-09-11 修回日期:2018-01-02 出版日期:2018-05-10 发布日期:2018-05-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:左其亭,男,河南固始人,博士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为水文学及水资源专业。E-mail:zuoqt@zzu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(51779230);郑州大学重大科技项目培育基金(2015ZDPY011)

The main route and water resource areas of the Belt and Road Initiative

Qiting ZUO1,2(), Chunhui HAN1, Lingang HAO1, Haojie WANG1, Junxia MA1,2   

  1. 1. School of Water Conservancy & Environment, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China;
    2. Center for Water Science Research, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China
  • Received:2017-09-11 Revised:2018-01-02 Online:2018-05-10 Published:2018-05-10

摘要:

“一带一路”是中国政府实施的一项造福沿线地区人民的世纪合作倡议,涉及多个国家。明确“一带一路”主体水资源区的范围及其分区布局,对于分析和研究“一带一路”水安全保障具有重要意义。本文通过对大量文献资料的梳理,提出了“一带一路”主体路线和主体水资源区的概念和确定方法,绘制了其主体路线及主体水资源区图,并按照3级分区方法对确定的主体水资源区进行了分区。研究结果表明:① “一带一路”主体路线由中国陆上主体路线、中国海上主体路线、国外陆上主体路线和国外海上主体路线组成,各线之间互有连接,形成了一张覆盖亚、欧、非大陆的“三纵三横”网络;② “一带一路”主体水资源区横跨亚、欧、非大陆50个国家,总面积达1877.00万 km2;③ 研究区水资源一级分区、二级分区、三级分区的单元个数分别为11个、50个、1172个。本文为“一带一路”水资源研究圈定了主要研究区域,奠定了统一研究对象和基础,也可为“一带一路”相关其他研究提供参考和借鉴。

关键词: “一带一路”, 主体路线, 主体水资源区, 水资源分区, 水资源安全

Abstract:

: The Belt and Road is a collaborative initiative proposed by the Chinese government to benefit people in these regions. It is of great significance for the analysis and research of water security of the Belt and Road to clarify the main water resource areas and regionalization layout. By combining the literature and established methods, we put forward the concept and determination methods of the main route and water resource areas of the Belt and Road. Related images are also plotted. The main water resources areas are divided according to a three-level regionalization method. We found that the main route of the Belt and Road consists of the main route of the Belt and Road in China land and sea, and the main route of the Belt and Road in overseas land and sea. These routes are connected, forming a network of three vertical and three horizontal areas in Asia, Europe and Africa. The main water resources areas of the Belt and Road across Asia, Europe and Africa spans 50 countries and 18.77 million kilometers. The number of units in the first level, second level and third level of water resource regionalization are 11, 50 and 1172, respectively. We define the main research areas Belt and Road water resources research and provide a unified research object and foundation to stimulate a new way of thinking and a reference for future studies.

Key words: Belt and Road, main route, main water resources areas, water resource regionalization, water resource security