资源科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (4): 838-850.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.04.17

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劳动力转移、合作经营与林业生产效率研究

韩雅清1(), 林丽梅2, 魏远竹1,4(), 苏时鹏3, 许佳贤3   

  1. 1. 福建农林大学经济学院,福州 350002
    2. 福建江夏学院公共事务学院,福州 350108
    3. 福建农林大学公共管理学院,福州 350002
    4. 宁德师范学院,宁德 352100
  • 收稿日期:2017-10-15 修回日期:2018-02-28 出版日期:2018-05-02 发布日期:2018-05-02
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:韩雅清,女,福建漳州人,博士生,从事林业经济、资源与环境管理研究。E-mail: hanyaqing306@qq.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(15XGL014);国家自然科学基金项目(71273051);福建省社科规划项目(FJ2016C017)

Labor transfer, cooperative operation and forestry production efficiency based on surveys of farmers in 9 forestry counties in Fujian

Yaqing HAN1(), Limei LIN2, Yuanzhu WEI1,4(), Shipeng SU3, Jiaxian XU3   

  1. 1. Economic College of Fujian Agricultural and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China
    2. School of Public Administration, Fujian Jiangxia University,Fuzhou 350108, China
    3. College of Public Management of Fujian Agricultural and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China
    4. Ningde Normal University, Ningde 352100, China
  • Received:2017-10-15 Revised:2018-02-28 Online:2018-05-02 Published:2018-05-02

摘要:

工业化与城镇化进程中,农村大量的劳动力持续外移已成为掣肘林业可持续发展的重要因素。为考察当前农户家庭林业生产效率以及劳动力转移、合作经营对其造成的影响,本文利用福建省9个重点林业县的农户调查数据,运用DEA-Tobit方法测算了农户家庭林业生产效率,分析了劳动力转移对家庭林业生产效率的影响,并检验了林业合作经营在二者之间的调节作用。研究发现:①农户家庭林业仍倾向粗放经营,林业生产效率处于较低水平,仅为0.203,且不同商品林经营类型的生产效率存在着明显差异;②劳动力转移对林业生产效率具有显著的抑制作用,而林业合作经营能够有效地促进林业生产效率的提升,并且对劳动力转移与林业生产效率二者的关系有显著正向调节效应;③劳动力特征、林地经营特征及不同商品林经营类型也在一定程度上影响家庭林业生产效率。农村劳动力转移已成为林业发展的制约因素,应当鼓励农户进行联合经营与互助经营,以促进生产要素整合及利用效率的提升,从而克服因劳动力转移后导致的家庭林业劳动力短缺问题。

关键词: 劳动力转移, 合作经营, 家庭林业生产效率, DEA-Tobit模型, 林业县, 福建省

Abstract:

During the process of industrialization and urbanization the continuous transfer of rural labor has become an important factor restricting the sustainable development of forestry. In order to investigate forestry production efficiency and evaluate the effect of labor transfer and cooperative operation on it, we measured the efficiency of forestry production and analyzed the relationship between labor transfer, forestry cooperation and forestry production efficiency using the DEA-Tobit model and survey data from nine forestry counties in Fujian. We found that household forestry still tends to be extensively managed. Forestry production efficiency stayed at a low level (0.203) and there are obvious differences in production efficiency among different forest management types. Labor transfer had a significant inhibitory effect on forestry production efficiency, namely cooperative forestry operation can promote it and brought positive regulating effect on the relationship between labor transfer and forestry production efficiency. Labor force character, woodland management characteristics and different types of forestry management also affected forestry production efficiency to some extent. Thus, rural labor transfer is restricting forestry development. Farmers should be encouraged to build up joint operations and engage in mutual assistance to promote the integration of production factors and utilization efficiency and overcome shortages in family forestry labor caused by labor transfer.

Key words: labor transfer, cooperative operation, household forestry production efficiency, DEA-Tobit model, forestry counties, Fujian Province