资源科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (4): 698-706.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.04.04

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风险认知、抗险能力与农户宅基地退出

朱新华(), 陆思璇   

  1. 河海大学公共管理学院,南京 211100
  • 收稿日期:2017-10-25 修回日期:2018-02-27 出版日期:2018-05-02 发布日期:2018-05-02
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:朱新华,男,江苏泰兴人,博士,副教授,主要研究方向为土地经济与政策。E-mail: zhxh_84122@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学基金(17YJA630149);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(2015B23514)

Risk perception, ability of resisting risk and farmer willingness to exit rural housing land

Xinhua ZHU(), Sixuan LU   

  1. School of Public Administration, Hohai University, Nanjing 211100, China
  • Received:2017-10-25 Revised:2018-02-27 Online:2018-05-02 Published:2018-05-02

摘要:

农村宅基地退出对于提高农村土地集约利用水平、推动城镇化发展具有重要意义。而农户作为宅基地退出主体,其风险认知与抗险能力将极大程度地影响宅基地退出实践。基于江苏和安徽的1094户农户的问卷调查数据,通过相关性和差异性的多重实证检验,考察农户风险认知、抗险能力对宅基地退出意愿的影响,同时探究不同特征群体的农户在抗险能力方面是否存在个体的显著性差异。研究发现:样本地区农户的风险认知、抗险能力对其宅基地退出意愿产生显著影响,而且农户抗险能力与退出意愿之间存在非常明显的倒U形特征,即一旦抗险能力的财富效应大于宅基地退出改革成本效应,抗险能力便从总体上表现出了对农户宅基地退出意愿的抑制;另外,宅基地区位、宅基地利用类型、试点地区与非试点地区的差异会导致农户抗险能力方面表现出显著的个体差异。故此,农村宅基地退出改革政策须关注不同特征农户群体的多样化需求,并提高农户对宅基地退出改革风险认知的能力,同时健全农户就业、培训服务体系,加快城乡统一社会保障制度建设以提高农户的抗险能力;在此基础上,针对宅基地的区位类型和利用类型,实施差别化的宅基地退出政策安排,诸如差别化的补偿方式、补偿标准、实施步骤。

关键词: 农村宅基地退出, 风险认知, 抗险能力, 江苏省, 安徽省

Abstract:

Exiting from rural housing land has great significance for improving the intensive use level of rural housing land and promoting urbanization. However, the risk of reform requires attention. Farmer risk perception and ability to resist risk will greatly affect their willingness to exit rural housing land. Based on questionnaires of 1094 households in Jiangsu and Anhui provinces, the influence of risk perception and ability to resist risk on farmers’ willingness to exit rural housing land was investigated. We found that risk perception and the ability to resist risk have a significant influence on farmer willingness to exit rural housing land in the sample area. There is a distinct inverted U feature between farmers' abilities to resist risk and willingness to exit rural housing land, that is, once the wealth effect of risk tolerance is greater than the effect of reform cost, farmer ability to resist risk plays a negative role on their willingness to exit rural housing land. However, differences in rural housing land's geographical position, usage types, pilot area and non-pilot areas lead to significant individual differences in ability to resist risk. We should pay attention to the diversified needs of different characteristics of farmers groups, improve the ability of farmers’ risk perception and enhance the ability to resist risk via employment training service systems and unified social security systems in urban and rural areas. For the geographical position of rural housing land and the use of different types, we need to carry out differentiated rural housing land exit policy arrangements such as differential compensation methods, compensation standards and implementation steps.

Key words: to exit rural housing land, risk perception, ability of resisting risk, Jiangsu prorvince, Anhui prorvince