资源科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (4): 676-.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.04.03

• • 上一篇    下一篇

生态环境和灾害对贫困影响的研究综述

程欣1,2,3(), 帅传敏1,3(), 王静1,3, 李文静1,3,4, 刘玥1,3,5   

  1. 1. 中国地质大学(武汉)经济管理学院,武汉 430074
    2. 澳大利亚麦考瑞大学科学与工程学院,悉尼 2109
    3. 中国矿产资源战略与政策研究中心和中国地质大学(武汉)资源环境经济研究中心,武汉 430074
    4. 英国纽卡斯尔大学自然与环境科学学院,纽卡斯尔 NE1 7RU
    5. 江汉大学商学院,武汉 430056
  • 收稿日期:2016-11-24 修回日期:2017-09-20 出版日期:2018-05-02 发布日期:2018-05-02
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介: 程欣,女,湖北京山人,博士生,主要研究方向为环境经济和生态扶贫。E-mail:cxjournal@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(17ZDA085);国家自然科学基金面上项目(71473231.71773119);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(CUG170101)

The impact of eco-environment and disaster factors on poverty: a review

Xin CHENG1,2,3(), Chuanmin SHUAI1,3(), Jing WANG1,3, Wenjing LI1,3,4, Yue LIU1,3,5   

  1. 1. School of Economics and Management, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China
    2. Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science & Engineering, Macquarie University, Sydney 2109, Australia;
    3. Mineral Resource Strategy and Policy Research Centre of China & Research Centre of Resource and Environmental Economics, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China;
    4. School of Natural and Environmental Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle NE1 7RU, United Kingdom
    5. Business School, Jianghan University, Wuhan 430056, China
  • Received:2016-11-24 Revised:2017-09-20 Online:2018-05-02 Published:2018-05-02

摘要:

集中连片特困地区已成为中国扶贫攻坚的主战场,贫困与生态环境、灾害等诸多因素交织在一起,是中国新时期扶贫开发最难啃的硬骨头。本文分别对生态环境与贫困、灾害与贫困的关系进行了分析,探索了贫困人口的减贫诉求和扶贫模式,最后提出了兼顾环保、减灾和减贫的系统性扶贫理论模型和分析框架,以期为中国政府制定系统性减贫策略奠定理论基础。分析发现:① 生态环境与贫困存在复杂关联,关键影响因子包括环境恶化因素、资源因素和多维贫困因素;② 灾害与贫困的关系研究主要关注脆弱性、直接关系和农户生计三个视角;③ 贫困人口的诉求呈现多元化趋势,但扶贫模式却较少综合考虑环境和灾害等因素。因此,在未来研究中:① 生态环境和贫困关系的研究应该更加重视可持续发展问题;② 灾害对贫困的间接影响因素值得关注,贫困农户的脆弱性和灾后修复等问题也不容忽视;③ 应关注创新性扶贫模式开发,积极促进可再生能源与精准扶贫的有机结合;④ 应该综合地考虑生态环境、灾害和贫困关联的关键因素提出系统性减贫策略。

关键词: 生态环境, 灾害, 贫困, 减贫诉求, 理论框架, 综述

Abstract:

Contiguous Extremely Poverty-Stricken Areas have become the main battlefield in China’s poverty alleviation. Poverty is usually interwoven with eco-environmental and disaster factors, which is the most difficult work in China’s poverty alleviation. Based on the literature, we analyzed the relationship between the eco-environment and poverty, and disaster and poverty. We explored poverty reduction demands of the poor and poverty alleviation modes. Finally, we proposed a systematic theoretical framework for poverty alleviation that could reconcile environmental protection and disaster mitigation with poverty eradication. We found that the relationship between eco-environments and poverty is mutual and complicated, and the key influential factors contain environmental degradation factors, resource factors and multidimensional poverty factors. Related research on the relationship between disasters and poverty mainly focuses on three perspectives: vulnerability, direct relationship and household livelihoods. The poverty reduction demands of the poor present a diversification trend, but previous studies seldom consider the environment and disaster factors. Therefore, in future research on the relationship between eco-environments and poverty should pay more attention to sustainable development issues. The indirect impacts of disasters on poverty are worthy of attention. Issues such as the vulnerability and post-disaster restoration of the poor could not be ignored. Attention should be paid to the development of innovative poverty alleviation modes, and actively promoting the organic combination of renewable energy and targeted poverty alleviation. Related research should comprehensively consider key factors associated with ecological environments, disasters and poverty as well as their interrelationships in an attempt to put forward poverty reduction strategies systematically.

Key words: eco-environment, disasters, poverty, poverty reduction demands, theoretical framework, review