资源科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (4): 664-.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.04.02

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中国快速城镇化背景下都市区农业多功能性演变特征综述

黄姣1,2(), 李双成1,2   

  1. 1. 北京大学城市与环境学院,北京 100871
    2. 北京大学地表过程分析与模拟教育部重点实验室,北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2017-08-23 修回日期:2018-01-25 出版日期:2018-05-02 发布日期:2018-05-02
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:黄姣,女,四川三台人,博士后,从事土地利用与覆被变化的生态效应及政策研究。E-mail: huangjiao86@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重大项目(41590843)

A review of change in agricultural multifunctionality in metropolitan areas under rapid urbanization in China

Jiao HUANG1,2(), Shuangcheng LI1,2   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    2. Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes of the Ministry of Education, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2017-08-23 Revised:2018-01-25 Online:2018-05-02 Published:2018-05-02

摘要:

中国学者已就农业多功能性和城镇化对都市区农业的影响进行了大量研究,但缺乏采用农业多功能性范式对都市区农业变化与响应作出的系统性探讨。论文基于中国相关文献的检索分析,梳理了都市区农业多功能性的概念框架和评价指标,以期为构建系统性研究框架奠定基础。在此基础上,分析了中国快速城镇化背景下都市区农业多功能性和农业模式的变化。结果表明,城镇化使都市区农业的主要功能类型和不同功能之间的关系发生变化;不同社会主体积极适应城镇化的行为形成了七种主要的农业模式,都市区农业总体趋于经济功能、社会功能和生态功能兼具的综合性多功能农业系统。最后,展望了都市区农业多功能发展的未来研究方向,希望深化中国农业多功能性研究,并推动都市区农业可持续发展。

关键词: 城镇化, 都市区, 农业多功能性, 中国, 综述

Abstract:

Agriculture can provide multiple economic, ecological and social functions beyond food and fibre production. Agricultural multifunctionality is an important issue in agricultural transformation, land use management and sustainable urban development in metropolitan areas under rapid urbanization. In China, much research has focused on agricultural multifunctionality or the impacts of urbanization on agriculture. However, there is still a lack of synthetic studies regarding the application of the Multifunctional Agriculture research paradigm on analyzing the change and adaptation of agriculture in metropolitan areas. Based upon an extensive review in China we aimed to illustrate the conceptual framework of agricultural multifunctionality and summarize the assessment indicators in order to create a widely accepted research framework for agricultural multifunctionality. We also aimed to analyze changes in agricultural multifunctionality and agricultural systems in metropolitan areas under rapid urbanization in China. The results show that rapid urbanization has changed not only the main types of agricultural functions in metropolitan areas but also interactions among functions. Different adaptation strategies by different stakeholders led to seven main categories of agricultural systems, including the farmer-household-based agro-tourism, specialized and large-scale food production and processing groups, agricultural scientific research parks, enterprise-based recreational agricultural parks, public agricultural parks, conservation agriculture and community supported agriculture. Changes in the main activities and functions of these agricultural systems show a trend towards high multifunctionality of agriculture in metropolitan areas in China. Finally, suggestions are provided to promote research on agricultural multifunctionality and policy-making for the development of sustainable metropolitan agriculture in China.

Key words: urbanization, metropolitan area, agricultural multifunctionality, China, review