资源科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (3): 645-653.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.03.18

• • 上一篇    

矿产资源开发收益合理共享机制研究——基于Shapley值修正算法的分析

张艳芳()   

  1. 中国社会科学院工业经济研究所,北京 100836
  • 收稿日期:2017-08-12 修回日期:2018-02-04 出版日期:2018-03-10 发布日期:2018-03-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:张艳芳,女,江西吉安人,博士,助理研究员,主要从事资源经济与产业经济研究。E-mail:gjszyf@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学重大招标项目(15ZDA051);中国社会科学院创新工程项目(SKGJCX2016-01)

Reasonable revenue distribution mechanism of mineral resource development based on modified shapley values

Yanfang ZHANG()   

  1. Institute of Industrial Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing 100836, China
  • Received:2017-08-12 Revised:2018-02-04 Online:2018-03-10 Published:2018-03-10

摘要:

近年来,矿产资源的开发和利用在推动中国经济发展的同时,也对生态环境造成了巨大的破坏。构建矿产资源开发收益分配机制时应考虑生态环境补偿问题。本文选择具体案例,从分析矿产资源开发各利益相关者的博弈行为出发,运用合作博弈的经典模型——Shapley值法对矿产资源开发收益分配问题作进一步分析求解,并引入“生态补偿因子”对Shapley值进行修正与优化。研究结果显示,Shapley值法对于建立更合理的矿产资源开发收益分配方式,达到社会经济效益最优、生态环境影响最小的目标,实现资源型地区的可持续发展,具有较强的现实意义和可操作性。

关键词: 矿产资源, 收益分配, Shapley值, 生态补偿因子

Abstract:

The development and utilization of mineral resources have promoted economic development in China and caused tremendous damage to the ecological environment. The issue of ecological compensation should be considered in the construction of revenue distribution mechanisms during mineral resource development. It analyzed stakeholders’ game behavior during mineral resource development through case studies and applied the classic model of cooperative game - Shapley value on revenues distribution of mineral resources development. By introducing an ecological compensation factor, the Shapley values are modified and optimized. According to the Shapley value, the revenues of the three stakeholders (government, company and local residents) have increased. The ecological compensation factor was introduced to modify the Shapley value, after that the revenues of the government and the company declined slightly while the income of local residents improved significantly, reflecting the fact that residents in the bauxite development who are facing geological disasters, environmental pollution, revenue reduction and other threats deserve greater compensation. The introduction of an ecological compensation factor to optimize revenue distribution during mineral resource development is not only in line with the principle of ‘he who makes investment gets benefit’, but also ‘the polluter pays and the beneficiary compensates’. The equilibrium solution is also an acceptable outcome for all stakeholders involved in bauxite development. The Shapley value method has strong practical significance for the establishment of a more reasonable mechanism of allocating revenue from mineral resources development, achieving the best social and economic benefits and minimizing impacts on the ecological environment.

Key words: mineral resource, revenue distribution, shapley value, ecological compensation factor