资源科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (3): 600-610.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.03.14

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跨维度资源循环制度设计理论及实证模拟

顾一帆(), 吴玉锋(), 周广礼, 左铁镛   

  1. 北京工业大学循环经济研究院,北京 100124
  • 收稿日期:2017-08-30 修回日期:2018-01-30 出版日期:2018-03-10 发布日期:2018-03-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:顾一帆,男,山东青岛人,博士生,主要从事资源循环综合评价与政策设计研究。E-mail:jingji_xue@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    北京市社会科学基金重点项目(17YJA001);国家自然科学基金项目(L1422034;7167030506);北京市重点学科项目(033000541214001)

Theoretical framework and empirical simulation of policy design on trans-dimensional resource recycling

Yifan GU(), Yufeng WU(), Guangli ZHOU, Tieyong ZUO   

  1. Institute of Circular Economy, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing, 100124, China
  • Received:2017-08-30 Revised:2018-01-30 Online:2018-03-10 Published:2018-03-10

摘要:

资源循环过程蕴含了原生与再生原料的耦合配置、正向与逆向供应链中利益相关者的责任协调、区域间隐含环境责任的跨境转移三个维度相互联系的子系统。在各维度管理的交叉处易于出现责任重叠或责任真空现象,亟需对资源循环制度体系进行统筹设计。本文从理论角度分析了各维度存在的独特资源环境外部性差异,探索了跨维度政策效果间存在强烈相关性的原因。以中国电子废弃物中的铜资源为例,构建了资源循环的减量效果核算模型,通过设置原再生资源税及环境税改革、生产者责任延伸制度应用、清洁发展机制推广、洋垃圾严格入境约束四种跨维度制度情景,模拟了资源循环过程对资源减量和废水及CO2减排的影响效果,并集成优势策略,构建了跨维度政策组合情景。结果表明:各维度间政策工具的联合应用均能实现激励相容,且跨维度政策组合情景达到更优效果。相较基准情景,在2010—2030年间,该组合情景将增加91.06%的铜资源减量化效果,提升近8倍的废水及CO2减排量。本文进一步分析了各维度政策工具的拓展方向,在原料维度可促进强制手段、市场手段与认证手段的联合应用以提高再生原料使用比例,在链条维度可充分挖掘废弃产品中蕴含的资源价值、残余功能价值与潜在信息价值以构建循环型商业模式,在区域维度可利用制造业大国的比较优势以提升中国在资源循环领域的话语权。

关键词: 资源循环, 跨维度, 制度设计, 激励相容, 生命周期

Abstract:

Resource recycling processes contain a subsystem with interactions between the three dimensions of coupling allocation of primary and secondary resources, responsibility coordination of stakeholders in forward and reverse supply chains, and trans-boundary transfer of hidden resource and environmental responsibilities between regions. Overlap or lack of responsibly appears at the intersection of these three management dimensions and a policy system for recycling resources is needed. From a theoretical perspective we analyzed external differences for resources and environments in various dimensions and explored why the effects of trans-dimensional policies are strongly correlated. Taking the example of copper resources in waste electrical and electronic equipment, we constructed a reduction effect accounting model of resource recycling and set four trans-dimensional policy scenarios: resources tax and environmental tax reform of the raw and secondary resources, application of extended producer responsibility system, promotion of clean development mechanism, and strict entry barriers of imported waste. We simulated the impact effect of resource recycling process on resource deduction and emission reduction of waste water and gas, and constructed a trans-dimensional policy mix scenario. We found that combined application of various dimensional policies achieves incentive compatibility and a trans-dimensional policy mix scenario reaches a better effect. Compared to the baseline scenario, this scenario will increase 91.06% copper resource reduction effects and improve the emission reduction of waste water and gas by eight times from 2010 to 2030. In the resource dimension, the combined application of compulsory, market and authentication methods should be promoted to improve the use ratio of secondary resources. In the supply chain dimension, the resource value, residual functional value and potential information value contained in waste products should be fully excavated to construct a circular business system. In the regional dimension, the comparative advantages of manufacturing power should be utilized to improve China’s voice in resource recycling.

Key words: resource recycling, trans-dimension, policy design, incentive compatibility, life cycle