资源科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (2): 381-391.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.02.14

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游憩者环境偏好、恢复性评价与健康效益评估关系研究——以福州国家森林公园为例

刘群阅(), 陈烨, 张薇, 张逸君, 黄启堂, 兰思仁()   

  1. 福建农林大学园林学院,福州 350002
  • 收稿日期:2017-04-30 修回日期:2017-09-20 出版日期:2018-02-20 发布日期:2018-02-11
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘群阅,男,福建莆田人,博士生,研究方向为风景园林规划与设计。E-mail:fafulqy@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    福建省科技厅引导性项目(2017Y0003);国家林业局森林公园工程技术研究中心开放课题(PTJH1500209)

Tourists’ environmental preferences, perceived restoration and perceived health at Fuzhou National Forest Park

Qunyue LIU(), Ye CHEN, Wei ZHANG, Yijun ZHANG, Qitang HUANG, Siren LAN()   

  1. College of Landscape Architecture, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China
  • Received:2017-04-30 Revised:2017-09-20 Online:2018-02-20 Published:2018-02-11

摘要:

环境偏好是游憩者对景观环境的喜好态度,恢复性评价是游憩者对恢复性环境恢复效果的评价,健康效益评估则是游憩者对恢复性环境健康效益的综合评价。大量研究指出人们对不同的环境会产生不同的偏好,且偏好程度越高的环境恢复性效益越高,正如自然环境与城市环境相比,前者大多更受人偏爱,恢复性效益也更高。此外,人们对环境恢复性评价地提升有助于提高对环境健康效益地评估。为了探究环境偏好、恢复性评价与健康效益评估之间的关系及作用机理,本研究构建了三者之间的路径模型,以福州国家森林公园为例,进行结构关系模型验证。结果表明:①修正后的一致性、复杂性和神秘性三个维度能够有效预测环境偏好,其中,神秘性对环境偏好的解释能力最高;②远离、延展性、魅力性和兼容性均能够有效反映环境恢复性评价,其中,魅力性对恢复性评价影响最大;③环境偏好对恢复性评价有显著正向影响,环境恢复性评价对健康效益评估具有显著正向影响;④环境偏好对健康效益评估没有直接影响,但可以通过恢复性评价产生间接影响。因此,在进行自然游憩地的规划设计时,为了营造具有更高健康效益的景观环境,应考虑游憩者对景观功能的多样需求,并适当塑造具有神秘性、魅力性且多元丰富的景观环境。

关键词: 环境偏好, 恢复性评价, 健康效益评估, 国家森林公园, 福州

Abstract:

Environmental preferences and perceived restoration are the two main perceptions of tourists in some environments. Perceived health reflects the health benefits from the environment to people. A lot of studies suggest that people have different preferences for different environments, and the greater the preference, the greater the environmental recovery benefit. For example, compared with urban environments, nature is preferred and has more recovery benefits. The advancement and accumulation of perceived recovery helps to improve perceived health, such as reducing illness or bad mood. In order to explore the relationships and mechanisms of environmental preferences, perceived restoration and perceived health, we constructed a path model across three conceptions, and a verified structure relation model using data from Fuzhou National Forest Park. We found that the corrected three dimensions (Coherence, Complexity and Mystery) can effectively predict environmental preferences, and Mystery best explains environmental preference. Being away, Extent, Fascination, and Compatibility can effectively reflect perceived restoration of the environment. Environmental preference has a significant positive influence on perceived restoration, perceived restoration has a significant positive influence on perceived health. The direct effect of environmental preference on perceived health is not significant, but there is indirect effect through the mediator of perceived restoration. Therefore, in the planning and design of the natural recreation areas, to achieve more health benefits the diverse needs of tourists at a landscape function should be considered, and mysterious, charming and diverse landscapes should be properly designed.

Key words: environmental preference, perceived restoration, perceived health, national forest park, Fuzhou