资源科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (2): 326-334.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.02.09

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地方政府主导农地流转对农户转入规模与粮食单产的影响——以江苏省五地市为例

王雪琪(), 邹伟(), 朱高立, 曹铁毅   

  1. 南京农业大学公共管理学院,南京 210095
  • 收稿日期:2017-04-20 修回日期:2017-10-17 出版日期:2018-02-20 发布日期:2018-02-11
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介: 王雪琪,女,河北石家庄人,博士生,研究方向为土地经济与政策。E-mail:707212963@qq.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71173112);江苏省教育厅高校哲学社会科学项目(2016SJD630003);南京农业大学中央高校基本科研业务费人文社科基金创新项目(SKCX2017009)

The impact of local government-dominated farmland transfer on farmer’s transfer scale and grain yield in five cities in Jiangsu

Xueqi WANG(), Wei ZOU(), Gaoli ZHU, Tieyi CAO   

  1. College of Public Administration, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
  • Received:2017-04-20 Revised:2017-10-17 Online:2018-02-20 Published:2018-02-11

摘要:

在实现农地规模经营、农业现代化转型背景下,地方政府主导农地流转日益普遍,这将对农地流转规模与粮食单产带来重要影响。本文利用江苏省152个种粮大户的调研数据,采用多元回归模型,实证检验了地方政府主导下农地流转对农户转入规模与粮食单产的影响,并分析其与农户自发流转的影响差异。研究结果表明:① 相比农户自发流转,地方政府主导农地流转能够降低交易成本,并且通过土地综合整治、财政补贴等政策工具激励农户转入较多农地,扩大了农户规模需求;② 地方政府主导农地流转对大户粮食单产有显著的负向影响,政府主导流转下农户粮食单产低于自发流转农户。因此,地方政府在推动农地流转过程中,应兼顾公共利益和粮食安全,推动适度规模流转;强化服务功能,完善保障监管措施,充分发挥流转服务、监督和规范作用,使得农地流转、规模经营符合粮食增产的目标。

关键词: 地方政府, 农地流转, 转入规模, 粮食单产, 影响, 江苏省

Abstract:

Under the background of realizing farmland large scale management and agricultural modernization, local government-dominated farmland transfer is becoming more and more common in China. Local government-dominated farmland transfer will have an important impact on farmers’ transfer scale and grain production. Based on survey data from 152 large-scale grain production farmers in Jiangsu, we used multiple regression to test the impact of local government-dominated farmland scale transfer on farmers’ transfer scale and grain production. We comparatively analyzed the different effects on grain production between farmer's spontaneous transfer and government-dominated farmland scale transfer. We found that compared with spontaneous transfer by farmers, local government-dominated farmland transfer can reduce transaction costs and through comprehensive land management, financial subsidies and other policy tools encourage farmers to turn in more farmland and expand scale demands. Local government-dominated farmland large scale transfer has a significant negative impact on grain production. Compared with spontaneous transfer, the grain production under government-dominated is lower. Therefore, in the process of promoting the transfer of rural farmland, local governments should take into account public interests and food security and promote moderate scale transfer. They should also strengthen the service function, improve security supervision measures, give full play to transfer services, supervision and regulation, and bring farmland transfer and scale management in line with the goal of increasing grain production.

Key words: local government, farmland transfer, transfer scale, grain yield, impact, Jiangsu