资源科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (2): 250-261.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.02.03

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新附加值贸易视角下中日贸易隐含碳排放的再测算

张兵兵(), 李祎雯   

  1. 南京农业大学,南京 210095
  • 收稿日期:2017-09-26 修回日期:2017-11-22 出版日期:2018-02-20 发布日期:2018-02-11
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:张兵兵,男,河南新乡人,博士,讲师,主要研究方向为贸易与环境、低碳经济学。E-mail:fankev@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    江苏省社会科学基金青年项目(17EYC005);江苏省教育厅高校哲学社会科学研究重大重点项目(2015JDXM009);江苏省高校哲学社会科学研究重点项目(2017ZDIXM096)

Re-calculation of carbon emissions embodied in China-Japan trade based on the new value-added trade method

Bingbing ZHANG(), Yiwen LI   

  1. Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, 210095, China
  • Received:2017-09-26 Revised:2017-11-22 Online:2018-02-20 Published:2018-02-11

摘要:

在全球生产网络分工不断深化的背景下,生产和消费活动的跨境分离变得日益普遍。原来以跨境和最终产品为标准的传统贸易统计方法,已无法对一国贸易利益进行准确描述。因此,基于传统贸易统计视角,运用竞争性投入产出法所测算的贸易隐含碳排放数据则会存在被高估的可能。本文运用新附加值贸易视角下的非竞争性投入产出法,在考虑技术异质性情形下,对2000—2014年中日两国27个行业部门的贸易隐含碳排放进行了再测算,结果显示:① 中国对日本是贸易逆差国,但却是隐含碳排放的顺差国;与新附加值贸易统计方法相比,传统贸易统计方法高估了中国的贸易隐含碳排放;② 就行业整体来看,在样本期内中国对日本出口贸易隐含碳被高估了约9.82亿t,进口贸易隐含碳则被高估了约3.92亿t;③ 从细分行业类别来看,在样本期内中国的采掘业、木材加工及家具制造业、交通运输业、租赁和商务服务业、金属制品业是被高估最为严重的行业部门,平均被高估率高达68.2%。

关键词: 新附加值贸易, 技术异质性, 贸易隐含碳, 非竞争性投入产出法, 中日贸易

Abstract:

The cross-border separation of production and consumption activities has become increasingly common in the context of the deepening division of global production networks. The traditional trade statistic method, which is based on the standard of cross-border and final products, cannot accurately describe the trade interests of a country effectively. Therefore, based on the traditional trade statistics perspective, the use of competitive input-output methods to calculate the trade implied carbon emissions data will be overvalued. In this study, we used a newly developed non-competitive input-output method, incorporating value-added trade, to recalculate the intensity of embodied carbon emission in 27 trading industry sectors between China and Japan during 2000 to 2014. Our results reveal that although China experiences a huge trade deficit when trading with Japan, it is a net surplus country regarding carbon emissions embodied in China-Japan trade. Traditional trade modeling overestimates carbon emissions embodied in trade between China and Japan. On the whole, carbon emissions embodied in exports from China to Japan are overestimated by 982 million tons, carbon emissions contained in imports by China from Japan are overestimated by 392 million tons during the whole period. From a sub-industry perspectives, industries like mining, wood processing and furniture manufacturing, transportation, leasing and business services, and metal products in China are the most overestimated industry sectors, with an average overvalued rate of up to 68.2%.

Key words: new value-added trade, technology heterogeneity, implicit carbon emissions, non-competitive input-output method, China-Japan trade