资源科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (2): 237-249.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.02.02

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中蒙俄经济走廊背景下中俄能源合作进展、驱动力、挑战及对策

杨洋1,2(), 董锁成1,2(), 李泽红1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2017-04-11 修回日期:2017-09-16 出版日期:2018-02-20 发布日期:2018-02-11
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:杨洋,女,河南新乡人,博士生,主要研究领域为资源经济和环境经济。E-mail:feiyang199012@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家科技基础资源调查专项子课题(2017FY101304);国家社会科学基金项目(17VDL016);中国科学院重点部署项目子课题(ZDRW-ZS-2016-6-5)

Progress, driving forces and challenges of Sino-Russian energy cooperation under the China-Mongolia-Russia economic corridor

Yang YANG1,2(), Suocheng DONG1,2(), Zehong LI1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2017-04-11 Revised:2017-09-16 Online:2018-02-20 Published:2018-02-11

摘要:

中俄能源合作是中俄全面战略协作伙伴关系的重要内容,是意义重大的地缘战略合作。自1996年中俄能源合作拉开序幕以来,虽几经波折,但也取得了较大进展,且随着中蒙俄经济走廊的规划实施,中俄能源合作迎来新机遇。基于此,本文回顾了中俄能源合作取得的进展,从供求关系、能源政策、国际劳动地域分工、比较优势、区域发展政策、国际地缘环境变迁等角度全面分析了中俄能源合作的内在契合因素和外部推动因素,指出中俄利益诉求的内在契合性是中俄开展能源合作的决定性因素,外部推动因素则加速了中俄能源合作的进程。虽目前中俄能源合作态势良好,但仍面临合作体制机制欠缺、国际地缘环境变迁等诸多挑战,在国际地缘环境日益复杂的新时期,中俄应增强互信,深化中俄能源的地缘战略合作;抓住中蒙俄经济走廊的政策契机,拓宽合作模式与合作领域;制定中俄能源战略长期合作规划,完善中俄能源合作机制;兼顾周边地区,创建区域性能源共同体。

关键词: 中俄能源合作, 进展, 驱动力, 挑战, 对策, 中蒙俄经济走廊

Abstract:

Sino-Russian energy cooperation is geo-strategic cooperation between China and Russia, and is an important part of the China-Russia comprehensive strategic partnership of coordination. Since 1996 when Sino-Russian energy cooperation started, it has undergone many setbacks, but also great progress. Cooperation fields have expanded from the oil and gas trade to whole industry chain cooperation including oil and gas exploration and development, technical services of upstream cooperation, oil and gas pipeline construction of midstream cooperation, refining and chemical cooperation of downstream cooperation, along with implementation of the China- Mongolia- Russia Economic Corridor, Sino- Russian energy cooperation embraces new opportunities. We summarized progress in Sino-Russian energy cooperation, analyzed internal and external driving forces of energy cooperation from the perspectives of supply and demand, energy policy, international division of labor, comparative advantages and international geo-environment change. We concluded that energy supply and demand and comparative advantages between China and Russia are highly complementary, energy strategies and regional development strategies are highly consistent, and geographic advantages are obvious. The internal consistency of Sino-Russian interests determine the necessity to launch Sino-Russian oil and gas cooperation, while external factors such as adjustment of the European union's energy strategy, shale gas revolution, the Ukraine event in 2014, increasing close energy cooperation between China and Central Asia, accelerated the process of Sino-Russian oil and gas cooperation. Though current Sino-Russian oil and gas cooperation is promising, there are still many challenges. With the increasingly complex international geo-environment, to promote Sino-Russian energy cooperation, Russia and China should strengthen mutual trust, improve Sino-Russian geo-strategic cooperation; fully take advantage of strategic opportunities arising from the China-Mongolia-Russia Economic Corridor, extend cooperation modes and fields; establish long-term Sino Russian energy cooperation strategic plans; improve Sino-Russian energy cooperation mechanisms; and together with surrounding countries establish a regional energy community.

Key words: Sino-Russion energy cooperation, progress, driving forces, challenges, strategies, China-Mongolia-Russia economic corridor