资源科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (1): 185-194.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.01.17

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基于收益原则的碳排放转移及中国碳排放责任研究

余晓泓(), 詹夏颜   

  1. 北京理工大学管理与经济学院应用经济系,北京100081
  • 收稿日期:2017-05-19 修回日期:2017-10-27 出版日期:2018-01-20 发布日期:2018-01-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:余晓泓,女,吉林长春人,博士,副教授,研究方向为能源与环境、产业生态管理等领域的研究。E-mail:13501300662@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(15BGJ054);教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金(13YJAZH122)

Analysis of carbon emissions transferred and China’s carbon emissions responsibility based on the Income Principle

Xiaohong YU(), Xiayan ZHAN   

  1. School of Management and Economics, Department of Applied Economics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2017-05-19 Revised:2017-10-27 Online:2018-01-20 Published:2018-01-20

摘要:

巴黎气候大会再次明确将“共同但有区别”的责任原则、公平原则和各自能力原则作为碳排放责任划分的基本原则。在现行以生产者原则为主流的碳排放责任核算体系具有缺陷的背景下,对中国主张排放权及发展权提出了新的挑战。本文聚焦学者们新提出的碳排放责任划分原则——“收益原则”,构建基于区域投入产出模型的戈什模型,以中国为主要研究对象,核算1995—2011年全球40个国家和地区及其他国家组的收益侧碳排放及收益侧碳排放转移。结果表明在研究期间内中国收益侧碳排放远小于直接碳排放,并且净进口的收益侧碳排放规模逐步扩大。俄罗斯、德国、日本、美国和澳大利亚等国向中国净出口的收益侧碳排放呈现逐年增长的趋势。收益原则能够纠正生产者原则的部分偏差,建立以收益原则为基础的碳排放责任核算体系有利于建立更加公正和有效的碳减排方案,本文的研究为中国主张合理的碳排放责任划分原则和制定有效的碳减排政策提供政策建议。

关键词: 生产者原则, 收益原则, 多区域投入产出模型, 戈什模型, 碳排放转移

Abstract:

The Paris World Climate Conference re-emphasized the establishment of the carbon emission responsibility principle based on common but differentiated responsibility, equality and respective capability principles. The current flawed carbon emission accounting inventory is based on Producer Principles and presents a challenge for China in claiming its rights to emit and develop. Taking China as the main research object and focusing on the newly-proposed Income Principle, we estimated 41 countries and regions' Income Principle based carbon emissions and carbon emissions transferred using multi-regional input-output and Ghosh models. We found that China’s estimated responsibility of Income Principle based carbon emissions was lower than what China is supposed to take on direct carbon emissions; net imports of Income Principle based carbon emissions increased from 1995 to 2011. China is the largest net importer on Income Principle based carbon emissions. Countries such as Japan, USA, Germany, Russia, Australia and Brazil increasingly export Income Principle based carbon emissions to China. China has become one of the important destinations for Income Principle based carbon emissions exports from these countries. Constructing a carbon emissions accounting inventory using the Income Principle will facilitate the establishment of a more effective and fairer carbon reduction framework, and aid China's proposition of rational carbon emissions principles and effective carbon emission reduction policies.

Key words: producer principle, Income Principle, Multi-regional Input-output Model, Ghosh Model, emissions transfer